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Titre du document / Document title

Influence of the surface tension components of stainless steel on fouling caused by calcium phosphate

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

ROSMANINHO R. (1) ; VISSER H. (1) ; MELO L. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, LEPAE, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, PORTUGAL

Résumé / Abstract

In order to lengthen the processing time of dairy plants, research has been undertaken to study the deposition of calcium phosphate, one of the main components of milk fouling deposits. It is accepted that the surface tension of the solid material in contact with the liquid affects the fouling behaviour and, therefore samples with different surface tension characteristics were tested. These surfaces were non-modified stainless steel 316L food grade (2B and 2R finishes) and surfaces modified by ion implantation (SiF3 and MoS2), DLC sputtering and coating (Ni-P-PTFE and SiOx). To understand the fouling process of calcium phosphate, its deposition on the different surfaces was followed by using a rotating disk apparatus and by characterising the deposits by contact angle measurements, image analysis and weighing. From these experiments it could be concluded that: - In terms of the phenomenology of the build-up of calcium phosphate deposits, surface tension components do not seem to affect the sequence of steps involved in the deposition process. Three phases can easily be distinguished in the process: a) induction period, correspondent to the period of time passed until the start of particle formation in the bulk; b) adhesion and formation of the first layers of crystals and c) growth and compaction of the crystals. From a quantitative standpoint, the deposition process seems to depend on the γ- component of the surface tension of the fouling support, which represents the electron donor part of the acid-base polar component of the solid surface tension. The initial deposition rate showed to be higher for lower values of the γ- component while the amount of deposit obtained at the end of the deposition process increased for higher values of the γ- component.

Revue / Journal Title

Progress in colloid & polymer science    ISSN  0340-255X   CODEN PCPSD7 

Source / Source

Congrès
Trends in colloid and interfce science XVI :   ( Coimbra, 16-21 September 2001 )
European Colloid and Interface Society. Meeting No15, Coimbra , PORTUGAL (16/09/2001)
2004  , vol. 123, pp. 203-209[Note(s) : IX, 288 p., ] [Document : 7 p.] (7 ref.) ISBN 3-540-00553-6 ;  Illustration : Illustration ;

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Heidelberg, ALLEMAGNE  (1975) (Revue)
Springer, Berlin, ALLEMAGNE  (2004) (Monographie)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Inorganic element

;

Dairy industry

;

Stainless steel

;

Calcium Phosphates

;

Fouling

;

Chemical composition

;

Surface tension

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Elément minéral

;

Industrie laitière

;

Acier inoxydable

;

Calcium Phosphate

;

Encrassement

;

Composition chimique

;

Tension superficielle

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Elemento inorgánico

;

Industria láctea

;

Acero inoxidable

;

Calcio Fosfato

;

Enmugrecimiento

;

Composición química

;

Tensión superficial

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 287 B, 35400011790293.0450

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16523666



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