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Titre du document / Document title

Arsenic in domestic well water and health in Central Appalachia, USA

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SHIBER John G. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Kentucky Community & Technical College System, Division of Math & Science, Big Sandy Community & Technical College (BSCTC), 1 Bert Combs Drive, Prestonsburg, KY 41653, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Two hundred seventeen tap water samples, from homes in 26 counties of eastern Kentucky, western West Virginia, southeastern Ohio, and northeastern Tennessee, USA, were analyzed for arsenic (As) by Hydride Generation AAS. Nearly half of the 179 samples from private wells had detectable arsenic, and, of these, 43% had 0.5-1.0 ppb, 34%, 1.1-3.0 ppb, 6%, 3.1-5.0 ppb, 11%, 5.1-10.0 ppb, and 6% had As far exceeding the new Maximum Contamination Level (MCL) of 10 ppb recently set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Based on the National Research Council's 2001 report to the USEPA, the lifetime risk of bladder and lung cancer from water arsenic exposure at 10 ppb is about one in 333 individuals, which is much higher than the standard of one in 10,000 individuals set for other carcinogens. Even at 5 ppb, the risk is 1 in 667, at 3 ppb, 1 in 1000, and at 1 ppb, 1 in 3100. The incidence of arsenic-related cancers and other diseases in this coal-mining region is high, and 57% of the well water samples tested in this study had levels over 1 ppb As. Since Central Appalachian families rely heavily on private wells, and the U.S. Federal 2006 compliance edict does not apply to private water sources, more extensive sampling and analysis of well water in the region, using the most sensitive methodology available, is recommended. A public awareness campaign and routine health screening for arsenic exposure is also recommended.

Revue / Journal Title

Water, air and soil pollution    ISSN  0049-6979   CODEN WAPLAC 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 160, no1-4, pp. 327-341 [15 page(s) (article)] (1 p.3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Dordrecht, PAYS-BAS  (1971) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

United States

;

America

;

North America

;

Trace element

;

Ohio

;

West Virginia

;

Kentucky

;

Tennessee

;

Appalachians

;

Public health

;

Health and environment

;

Atomic absorption spectrometry

;

Chemical analysis

;

Surveillance

;

Ground water

;

Water well

;

Arsenic

;

Water pollution

;

Water quality

;

Drinking water

;

Tap water

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Etats Unis

;

Amérique

;

Amérique du Nord

;

Elément trace

;

Ohio

;

Virginie Occidentale

;

Kentucky

;

Tennessee

;

Appalaches

;

Santé publique

;

Santé et environnement

;

Spectrométrie absorption atomique

;

Analyse chimique

;

Surveillance

;

Eau souterraine

;

Puits eau

;

Arsenic

;

Pollution eau

;

Qualité eau

;

Eau potable

;

Eau distribution

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Estados Unidos

;

America

;

America del norte

;

Elemento traza

;

Ohío

;

Virginia occidental

;

Kentucky

;

Tennessee

;

Apalaches

;

Salud pública

;

Salud y medio ambiente

;

Espectrometría absorción atómica

;

Análisis químico

;

Vigilancia

;

Agua subterránea

;

Pozo agua

;

Arsénico

;

Contaminación agua

;

Calidad agua

;

Agua potable

;

Agua distribución

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

arsenic

;

arsenic in private wells

;

Central Appalachian groundwater

;

drinking water

;

groundwater quality

;

Kentucky water

;

trace metals

;

well water

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15302, 35400012614658.0210

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16437433



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