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Titre du document / Document title

Changes in EEG and autonomic nervous activity during meditation and their association with personality traits

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

TAKAHASHI Tetsuya (1) ; MURATA Tetsuhito (1) ; HAMADA Toshihiko (2) ; OMORI Masao (1) ; KOSAKA Hirotaka (1) ; KIKUCHI Mitsuru (3) ; YOSHIDA Haruyoshi (2) ; WADA Yuji (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Neuropsychiatry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Matsuoka-cho, Fukui 910-1193, JAPON
(2) Department of Clinical and Laboratory Science, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui, JAPON
(3) Department of Psychiatry and Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, JAPON

Résumé / Abstract

Meditation is the attainment of a restful yet fully alert physical and mental state practiced by many as a self-regulatory approach to emotion management, but the psychophysiological properties and personality traits that characterize this meditative state have not been adequately studied. We quantitatively analyzed changes in psychophysiological parameters during Zen meditation in 20 normal adults, and evaluated the results in association with personality traits assessed by Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). During meditation, increases were observed in fast theta power and slow alpha power on EEG predominantly in the frontal area, whereas an increase in the normalized unit of high-frequency (nuHF) power (as a parasympathetic index) and decreases in the normalized unit of low-frequency (nuLF) power and LF/HF (as sympathetic indices) were observed through analyses of heart rate variability. We analyzed the possible correlations among these changes in terms of the percent change during meditation using the control condition as the baseline. The percent change in slow alpha EEG power in the frontal area, reflecting enhanced internalized attention, was negatively correlated with that in nuLF as well as in LF/HF and was positively correlated with the novelty seeking score (which has been suggested to be associated with dopaminergic activity). The percent change in fast theta power in the frontal area, reflecting enhanced mindfulness, was positively correlated with that in nuHF and also with the harm avoidance score (which has been suggested to be associated with serotonergic activity). These results suggest that internalized attention and mindfulness as two major core factors of behaviors of mind during meditation are characterized by different combinations of psychophysiological properties and personality traits.

Revue / Journal Title

International journal of psychophysiology    ISSN  0167-8760   CODEN IJPSEE 

Source / Source

2005, vol. 55, no2, pp. 199-207 [9 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS  (1983) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Central nervous system

;

Encephalon

;

Autonomic nervous system

;

Electrophysiology

;

Meditation

;

Zen

;

Vigilance

;

Attention

;

Internalization

;

Human

;

Experimental study

;

Frontal cortex

;

Theta rhythm

;

Alpha rhythm

;

Heart rate

;

Sympathetic nervous system

;

Electrocardiography

;

Spectral analysis

;

Electroencephalography

;

Personality

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Système nerveux central

;

Encéphale

;

Système nerveux autonome

;

Electrophysiologie

;

Méditation

;

Zen

;

Vigilance

;

Attention

;

Internalisation

;

Homme

;

Etude expérimentale

;

Cortex frontal

;

Rythme thêta

;

Rythme alpha

;

Rythme cardiaque

;

Système nerveux sympathique

;

Electrocardiographie

;

Analyse spectrale

;

Electroencéphalographie

;

Personnalité

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Sistema nervioso central

;

Encéfalo

;

Sistema nervioso autónomo

;

Electrofisiología

;

Meditación

;

Zen

;

Vigilancia

;

Atención

;

Internalización

;

Hombre

;

Estudio experimental

;

Corteza frontal

;

Ritmo θ

;

Ritmo α

;

Ritmo cardíaco

;

Sistema nervioso simpático

;

Electrocardiografía

;

Análisis espectral

;

Electroencefalografía

;

Personalidad

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 20304, 35400012652088.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16430863



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