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Titre du document / Document title

Climate change as reflected in a naturalist's diary, Middleborough, Massachusetts

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

LEDNEVA Anna ; MILLER-RUSHING Abraham J. ; PRIMACK Richard B. ; IMBRES Carolyn ;

Résumé / Abstract

Observations by local naturalists may provide valuable records of phenological events with which we can measure the response of species to climate change. To test this idea, we examined the records of a dedicated naturalist who has been observing bird arrivals, plant flowering, butterfly appearance, and frog calling on her farm in Middleborough, southeastern Massachusetts. From her 1970 to 2002 records, we extracted data on first observations of spring phenological events for 24 species-650 observations in all. Over that time, average annual local temperatures rose by 2.0° C. Twenty-two species showed earlier activity, with 5 of the 16 bird species now arriving significantly earlier in the year than they did 30 years ago. Twenty-two species responded to warming temperatures, with 4 species (two birds, one frog, and one plant) showing statistically significant earlier activity in years with warmer temperatures. The other 18 species showed similar trends, but they were not statistically significant.

Revue / Journal Title

The Wilson bulletin    ISSN  0043-5643   CODEN WILBAI 

Source / Source

2004, vol. 116, no3, pp. 224-231 [8 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language


Editeur / Publisher

Wilson Ornithological Society, Lawrence, KS, ETATS-UNIS  (1894) (Revue)

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 5181, 35400012646866.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16391494

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