Titre du document / Document title
Accurate electrical activation characterization of CMOS ultra-shallow profiles
Auteur(s) / Author(s)CLARYSSE T.
PAWLAK B. J.
FAIFER V. N.
CURRENT M. I.
Résumé / Abstract
Understanding dopant diffusion and activation mechanisms is a key issue for future sub-45 nm CMOS technologies. This understanding requires the availability of accurate chemical and electrically active dopant profiles. Inthis work we will focus on the accurate characterization of the electrical active portion of ultra-shallow junction (USJ) profiles, including a precise sheet resistance determination. Here, we will discuss respectively, sheet resistance measurements with conventional and low weight four point probe (FPP) systems, electrical depth profiling by the spreading resistance probe (SRP), alternative solutions based on probe-spacing experiments with an SRP-tool, and electrical characterization by non-contact, non-destructive optical tools, such as surface voltage based resistance and leakage (RsL) measurements, carrier illumination (CI) and infra-red spectroscopic ellipsometry (IR-SE). The comparison will mainly be based on state-of-the-art, low temperature, 1-2 nm/decade, sub-50 nm depth, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) layers with different thicknesses and dopant levels. Furthermore the activation of boron in solid phase epitaxially regrown (SPER) source-drain structures will be discussed. It will be illustrated that the combination of electrical characterization tools can supply essential information not otherwise obtainable through other means such as secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) chemical profiling.
Revue / Journal TitleMaterials science & engineering. B, Solid-state materials for advanced technology
Source / Source
2004, vol. 114-15, pp. 166-173 [8 page(s) (article)]
Langue / Language
Editeur / Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS
Localisation / Location
INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 12899 B, 35400012116548.0290
Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16358492