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Titre du document / Document title

MaGIC: a program to generate targeted marker sets for genome-wide association studies

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SIMPSON Claire L. (1) ; HANSEN Valerie K. (1) ; SHAM Pak C. (1 2) ; COLLINS Andrew (3) ; POWELL John F. (1) ; AL-CHALABI Ammar (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, London, ROYAUME-UNI
(2) University of Hong Kong, HONG-KONG
(3) University of Southampton, Southampton, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

High-throughput genotyping technologies such as DNA pooling and DNA microarrays mean that whole-genome screens are now practical for complex disease gene discovery using association studies. Because it is currently impractical to use all available markers, a subset is typically selected on the basis of required saturation density. Restricting markers to those within annotated genomic features of interest (e.g., genes or exons) or within feature-rich regions, reduces workload and cost while retaining much information. We have designed a program (MaGIC) that exploits genome assembly data to create lists of markers correlated with other genomic features. Marker lists are generated at a user-defined spacing and can target features with a user-defined density. Maps are in base pairs or linkage disequilibrium units (LDUs) as derived from the International HapMap data, which is useful for association studies and fine-mapping. Markers may be selected on the basis of heterozygosity and source database, and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers may additionally be selected on the basis of validation status. The import function means the method can be used for any genomic features such as housekeeping genes, long interspersed elements (LINES), or Alu repeats in humans, and is also functional for other species with equivalent data. The program and source code is freely available at http://cogent.iop.kcl.ac.uk/MaGIC.cogx.

Revue / Journal Title

BioTechniques    ISSN  0736-6205   CODEN BTNQDO 

Source / Source

2004, vol. 37, no6, pp. 996-999 [4 page(s) (article)] (16 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Eaton, Natick, MA, ETATS-UNIS  (1983) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Association

;

Genome

;

Marker

;

Target

;

Program

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Association

;

Génome

;

Marqueur

;

Cible

;

Programme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Asociación

;

Genoma

;

Marcador

;

Blanco

;

Programa

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 20939, 35400012134277.0160

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16349913



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