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Titre du document / Document title

Exploitation of the tropical oil seed plant Jatropha curcas L.

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

GÜBITZ G. M. (1) ; MITTELBACH M. (2) ; TRABI M. (3) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Institute of Microbiology, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 12, 8010 Graz, AUTRICHE
(2) Institute of Organic Chemistry, Karl-Franzens University Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, 8010 Graz, AUTRICHE
(3) Institute of Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, Petersgasse 12, 8010 Graz, AUTRICHE

Résumé / Abstract

In the last few years the potential of the drought resistant tropical tree Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) for the production of biofuels and industrial products has been assessed by several groups. Various novel methods for the cultivation and genetic improvement of J. curcas have been presented. A trans-esterification process of the seed oil for its use as a biofuel was evaluated on an industrial scale (1500 t/a). Various biologically active substances have been isolated and characterized from all parts of the plant. Their mechanisms of action have been studied in relation to a great number of applications of J. curcas in traditional medicine. Substances such as phorbol esters, responsible for the toxicity of J. curcas to animals and humans, have been isolated and their molluscicidal, insecticidal and fungicidal properties have been demonstrated in lab-scale experiments and field trials. Newly developed biotechnological processes related to the exploitation of J. curcas include the genetic improvement of the plant, biological pest control, enzyme-supported oil extraction, anaerobic fermentation of the press cake and the isolation of antiinflammatory substances and wound-healing enzymes.

Revue / Journal Title

Bioresource technology    ISSN  0960-8524 

Source / Source

1999, vol. 67, no1, pp. 73-82 (2 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1991) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Review

;

Multipurpose tree

;

Oil plant(vegetal)

;

Energy crop

;

Medicinal plant

;

Pesticide crop

;

Industrial crop

;

Genetic improvement

;

Toxicity

;

Oilseed

;

Transesterification

;

Plant part

;

Oilseed cake

;

Vegetal oil

;

Biofuel

;

Molluscicide

;

Latex

;

Folk medicine

;

Tropical medicine

;

Healing agent

;

Antiinflammatory agent

;

Botanical insecticide

;

Pesticides

;

Tropical crop

;

Euphorbiaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Lipids

;

Insecticide

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Article synthèse

;

Arbre but multiple

;

Plante oléagineuse

;

Plante énergétique

;

Plante médicinale

;

Plante pesticide

;

Plante industrielle

;

Amélioration génétique

;

Toxicité

;

Graine oléagineuse

;

Transestérification

;

Partie de plantes

;

Tourteau oléagineux

;

Huile végétale

;

Biocarburant

;

Phorbol ester

;

Molluscicide

;

Latex

;

Médecine traditionnelle

;

Médecine tropicale

;

Cicatrisant

;

Antiinflammatoire

;

Jatropha curcas

;

Insecticide végétal

;

Pesticide

;

Culture tropicale

;

Euphorbiaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Lipide

;

Insecticide

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Artículo síntesis

;

Arbol objetivo multiple

;

Planta oleaginosa

;

Planta energética

;

Planta medicinal

;

Planta plaguicida

;

Planta industrial

;

Enriquecimiento genético

;

Toxicidad

;

Semilla oleaginosa

;

Transesterificación

;

Parte planta

;

Torta oleaginosa

;

Aceite vegetal

;

Biocarburante

;

Molusquicida

;

Látex

;

Medicina tradicional

;

Medicina tropical

;

Cicatrizante

;

Antiinflamatorio

;

Plaguicida

;

Cultivo tropical

;

Euphorbiaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Lípido

;

Insecticida

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 18769, 35400007344709.0120

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1624276



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