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Titre du document / Document title

Are family meal patterns associated with disordered eating behaviors among adolescents?

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

NEUMARK-SZTAINER Dianne (1) ; WALL Melanie (2) ; STORY Mary (1) ; FULKERSON Jayne A. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Purpose: To examine associations between family meal patterns (frequency, priority, atmosphere, and structure of family meals) and disordered eating (unhealthy weight control behaviors, binge eating, and chronic dieting) in adolescent girls and boys. Methods: Survey and anthropometric data were collected from 4746 ethnically diverse adolescents from public middle and senior high schools who participated in the Project EAT study (Eating Among Teens). Variables of interest included family meal patterns and disordered eating behaviors. Logistic regressions were performed to examine associations between family meal patterns and disordered eating behaviors adjusting for body mass index, sociodemographic characteristics, family connectedness, and weight pressures within the home. Results: In general, adolescents who reported more frequent family meals, high priority for family meals, a positive atmosphere at family meals, and a more structured family meal environment were less likely to engage in disordered eating. For example, 18.1% of girls who reported 1-2 family meals/week engaged in extreme weight control behaviors compared with 8.8% of girls who reported 3-4 family meals/week. Making family meals a priority, in spite of scheduling difficulties, emerged as the most consistent protective factor for disordered eating. Associations between family meal patterns and disordered eating behaviors tended to be stronger among girls than among boys. Family meal patterns were more consistently associated with unhealthy weight control behaviors than with chronic dieting and binge eating. Although associations between family meals and disordered eating were weakened after adjusting for more global familial factors, including family connectedness and weight-specific pressures within the home, a number of the associations remained statistically significant, suggesting an independent relationship between family meals and disordered eating. Conclusion: Family meals have the potential to play an important role in the prevention of unhealthy weight control behaviors among youth. Findings suggest that attention needs to be directed toward increasing family meal frequency and creating a positive environment for family meals.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of adolescent health    ISSN  1054-139X 

Source / Source

2004, vol. 35, no5, pp. 350-359 [10 page(s) (article)] (30 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, New York, NY, ETATS-UNIS  (1991) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Human

;

Adolescent

;

Social environment

;

Environmental factor

;

Sex

;

Meal

;

Family environment

;

Risk factor

;

Eating disorder

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Homme

;

Adolescent

;

Environnement social

;

Facteur milieu

;

Sexe

;

Repas

;

Milieu familial

;

Facteur risque

;

Trouble comportement alimentaire

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Hombre

;

Adolescente

;

Contexto social

;

Factor medio

;

Sexo

;

Comida

;

Medio familiar

;

Factor riesgo

;

Trastorno conducta alimentaria

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 19140, 35400012251667.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16230628



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