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Titre du document / Document title

Cost-benefit analyses of walking and cycling track networks taking into account insecurity, health effects and external costs of motorized traffic

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SAELENSMINDE Kjartan (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Institute of Transport Economics, P.O. Box 6110, Etterstad, Oslo 0602, NORVEGE

Résumé / Abstract

The study presents cost-benefit analyses of walking and cycling track networks in three Norwegian cities. The cost-benefit analyses take into account the benefit of reduced insecurity and the health benefits of the improved fitness the use of non-motorized transport provides. In addition to reductions in health costs, the analyses also take into account that a change from travel by car to cycling or walking means reduced external costs (e.g. air pollution and noise) from motorized traffic and reduced parking costs. The benefits of investments in cycle networks are estimated to be at least 4-5 times the costs. Such investments are thus more beneficial to society than other transport investments. The results of such complete cost-benefit analyses make it possible to calculate the benefits to society that are not realized because motorized traffic prevents people from bicycling or walking as much as they otherwise would prefer. These barrier costs attributable to motorized traffic are estimated to be of at least the same magnitude as air pollution costs and more than double the noise costs. Barrier costs should therefore be taken into account in the same way as other external costs, when the issue is to determine the proper level of car taxes or to evaluate different kinds of restrictions on car use.

Revue / Journal Title

Transportation research. Part A, Policy and practice    ISSN  0965-8564 

Source / Source

2004, vol. 38, no8, pp. 593-606 [14 page(s) (article)] (22 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1992) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Europe

;

Norway

;

Case study

;

Barrier

;

Sensitivity analysis

;

Bus

;

Pedestrian traffic

;

Health

;

Safety

;

Pedestrian walkway

;

Cycle track

;

Cost benefit analysis

;

Bicycle

;

Walking

;

Non motorized transportation

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Europe

;

Norvège

;

Etude cas

;

Barrière

;

Analyse sensibilité

;

Autobus

;

Trafic piéton

;

Santé

;

Sécurité

;

Voie piétonne

;

Piste cyclable

;

Analyse avantage coût

;

Bicyclette

;

Marche à pied

;

Transport non motorisé

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Europa

;

Noruega

;

Estudio caso

;

Barrera

;

Análisis sensibilidad

;

Autobus

;

Tráfico peatones

;

Salud

;

Seguridad

;

Vía peatonal

;

Pista bicicleta

;

Análisis coste beneficio

;

Bicicleta

;

Caminata

;

Transporte no motorizado

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Cost-benefit analyses

;

Walking

;

Cycling

;

Insecurity

;

Health effects

;

Barrier costs

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 12377 A, 35400012035391.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 16131240



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