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Titre du document / Document title

Defining the intellectual profile of Asperger syndrome: Comparison with high-functioning autism

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

GHAZIUDDIN Mohammad (1) ; MOUNTAIN-KIMCHI Kimberly (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Division of child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical Centre, 1500 East Medical Centre Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-0390, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Asperger syndrome (AS) is a disorder of early childhood characterized by autistic social deficits, subtle communication impairment, and excessive isolated interests. There is no history of language delay or of mental retardation. Despite its increasing popularity as a distinct condition, its diagnostic validity remains uncertain. It is still unclear to what extent AS differs from autism with normal intelligence sometimes referred to as high-functioning autism (HFA). However, some reports have suggested that persons with AS possess a distinct profile on tests of intelligence characterized by a high verbal IQ and a low performance IQ, whereas in most cases with HFA, the pattern is reversed. Since few studies have directly compared AS subjects with HFA controls using unmodified diagnostic criteria and standardized measures of assessment, in this report we compared 22 AS subjects with 12 HFA controls, matched on age, sex and level of intelligence. As a group, subjects with AS showed a higher verbal IQ and higher scores on information and vocabulary subtests than those with HFA. However, scores of several AS and HFA subjects showed a mixed pattern. Implications of these findings are discussed in the context of the validity of Asperger Syndrome.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of autism and developmental disorders    ISSN  0162-3257   CODEN JADDDQ 

Source / Source

2004, vol. 34, no3, pp. 279-284 [6 page(s) (article)] (27 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Heidelberg, ALLEMAGNE  (1979) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Developmental disorder

;

Human

;

Child

;

Cognition

;

Autism

;

Non verbal intelligence

;

Verbal intelligence

;

Intelligence quotient

;

Intellectual ability

;

Asperger syndrome

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Trouble développement

;

Homme

;

Enfant

;

Cognition

;

Autisme

;

Intelligence non verbale

;

Intelligence verbale

;

Quotient intellectuel

;

Aptitude intellectuelle

;

Asperger syndrome

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Trastorno desarrollo

;

Hombre

;

Niño

;

Cognición

;

Autismo

;

Inteligencia no verbal

;

Inteligencia verbal

;

Cociente intelectual

;

Aptitud intelectual

;

Asperger síndrome

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Autism

;

Asperger Syndrome

;

neuropsychology

;

validity studies

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15018, 35400011378073.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15954260



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