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Titre du document / Document title

Gossip in evolutionary perspective

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

DUNBAR R. I. M. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) University of Liverpool, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

Conversation is a uniquely human phenomenon. Analyses of freely forming conversations indicate that approximately two thirds of conversation time is devoted to social topics, most of which can be given the generic label gossip. This article first explores the origins of gossip as a mechanism for bonding social groups, tracing these origins back to social grooming among primates. It then asks why social gossip in this sense should form so important a component of human interaction and presents evidence to suggest that, aside from servicing social networks, a key function may be related explicitly to controlling free riders. Finally, the author reviews briefly the role of social cognition in facilitating conversations of this kind.

Revue / Journal Title

Review of general psychology    ISSN  1089-2680 

Source / Source

2004, vol. 8, no 2 (67 p.)  [Document : 11 p.] (33 ref.), pp. 100-110 [11 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Educational Publishing Foundation, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1997) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Vertebrata

;

Mammalia

;

Primates

;

Monkey

;

Animal

;

Human

;

Review

;

Social group

;

Communication

;

Conversation

;

Social behavior

;

Biological evolution

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Vertebrata

;

Mammalia

;

Primates

;

Singe

;

Animal

;

Homme

;

Article synthèse

;

Groupe social

;

Communication

;

Conversation

;

Comportement social

;

Evolution biologique

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Vertebrata

;

Mammalia

;

Primates

;

Mono

;

Animal

;

Hombre

;

Artículo síntesis

;

Grupo social

;

Comunicación

;

Conversación

;

Conducta social

;

Evolución biológica

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 27004, 35400011458917.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15804371



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