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Titre du document / Document title

Hydrogen production by steam reforming of methanol

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

IWASA Nobuhiro (1) ; NOMURA Wataru (1) ; MAYANAGI Tomoyuki (1) ; FUJITA Shin-Ichiro (1) ; ARAI Masahiko (1) ; TAKEZAWA Nobutsune (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kira-ku N1W8, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 060-8628, JAPON

Résumé / Abstract

Steam reforming of methanol, CH3OH + H2O → 3H2 + CO2, was carried out over Cu/ZnO and various supported group 8-10 metal catalysts. Over Cu/ZnO catalysts prepared by a coprecipitation method, the steam reforming of methanol occurs with high selectivity regardless of composition of the catalyst and structure of the precursor (aurichalcite, malachite, hydrozincite or their mixture). The Cu/ZnO catalysts prepared from the aurichalcite precursor are more active than those prepared from other precursors. By contrast, over supported group 8-10 metal catalysts, such as supported Pd, Pt, Co, Ni, Rh, Ir and Ru catalysts, hydrogen and carbon monoxide are predominantly produced by decomposition of methanol, CH3OH → 2H2 + CO. The selectivity for the steam reforming is lower than those over Cu/ZnO catalysts. However, the selectivity for the steam reforming is markedly improved upon the previous reduction of Pd/ZnO, Pd/Ga2O3, and Pd/In2O3 at higher temperatures. Upon addition of Zn to the supported Pd catalysts, the selectivity for the steam reforming and the rate of hydrogen formation are markedly increased. Over Zn modified Pd/CeO2 catalyst, the selectivity attains to 99.0%, being comparable to Cu/ZnO catalysts. Combined results with temperature programmed reduction, XRD, XPS and AES measurements revealed that PdZn alloy was formed by the previous reduction of Pd/ZnO or Zn modified pd/CeO2 catalyst. Catalytic functions of Pd are greatly modified upon the formation of PdZn alloys.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of chemical engineering of Japan    ISSN  0021-9592   CODEN JCEJAQ 

Source / Source

Congrès
Congress of Asian Pacific Confederation of Chemical Engineering No9, Christchurch , NOUVELLE-ZELANDE (29/09/2002)
2004, vol. 37, no 2 (260 p.)  [Document : 8 p.] (19 ref.), [Notes: Selected papers], pp. 286-293 [8 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Revue : Multilingue ; Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Society of Chemical Engineers, Tokyo, JAPON  (1968) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Catalytic reaction

;

Programmed temperature

;

Precursor

;

Coprecipitation

;

Catalyst

;

Carbon dioxide

;

Steam reforming

;

Hydrogen production

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Réaction catalytique

;

Température programmée

;

Précurseur

;

Coprécipitation

;

Catalyseur

;

Carbone dioxyde

;

Reformage vapeur

;

Production hydrogène

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Reacción catalítica

;

Temperatura programada

;

Precursor

;

Coprecipitación

;

Catalizador

;

Carbono dióxido

;

Reformación vapor

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 14467, 35400011194033.0220

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15753548



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