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Titre du document / Document title

Constrictive pericarditis: Etiology and cause-specific survival after pericardiectomy

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BERTOG Stefan C. (1) ; THAMBIDORAI Senthil K. (1) ; PARAKH Kapil (1) ; SCHOENHAGEN Paul (1) ; OZDURAN Volkan (1) ; HOUGHTALING Penny L. (2) ; LYTLE Bruce W. (3) ; BLACKSTONE Eugene H. (3) ; LAUER Michael S. (1) ; KLEIN Allan L. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, ETATS-UNIS
(3) Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the association of etiology of constrictive pericarditis (CP), pericardial calcification (CA), and other clinical variables with long-term survival after pericardiectomy. BACKGROUND Constrictive pericarditis is the result of a spectrum of primary cardiac and noncardiac conditions. Few data exist on the cause-specific survival after pericardiectomy. The impact of CA on survival is unclear. METHODS A total of 163 patients who underwent pericardiectomy for CP over a 24-year period at a single surgical center were studied. Constrictive pericarditis was confirmed by the surgical report. Vital status was obtained from the Social Security Death Index. RESULTS Etiology of CP was idiopathic in 75 patients (46%), prior cardiac surgery in 60 patients (37%), radiation treatment in 15 patients (9%), and miscellaneous in 13 patients (8%). Median follow-up among survivors was 6.9 years (range 0.8 to 24.5 years), during which time there were 61 deaths. Perioperative mortality was 6%. Idiopathic CP had the best prognosis (7-year Kaplan-Meier survival: 88%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 76% to 94%) followed by postsurgical (66%, 95% CI 52% to 78%) and postradiation CP (27%, 95% CI 9% to 58%). In bootstrap-validated proportional hazards analyses, predictors of poor overall survival were prior radiation, worse renal function, higher pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PAP), abnormal left ventricular (LV) systolic function, lower serum sodium level, and older age. Pericardial calcification had no impact on survival. CONCLUSIONS Long-term survival after pericardiectomy for CP is related to underlying etiology, LV systolic function, renal function, serum sodium, and PAP. The relatively good survival with idiopathic CP emphasizes the safety of pericardiectomy in this subgroup.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of the American College of Cardiology    ISSN  0735-1097   CODEN JACCDI 

Source / Source

2004, vol. 43, no8, pp. 1445-1452 [8 page(s) (article)] (41 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, New York, NY, ETATS-UNIS  (1983) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Pericardial disease

;

Heart disease

;

Cardiovascular disease

;

Phlebology

;

Cardiology

;

Circulatory system

;

Pericardiectomy

;

Prognosis

;

Survival

;

Etiology

;

Pericarditis

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Péricarde pathologie

;

Cardiopathie

;

Appareil circulatoire pathologie

;

Phlébologie

;

Cardiologie

;

Appareil circulatoire

;

Péricardectomie

;

Pronostic

;

Survie

;

Etiologie

;

Péricardite

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Pericardio patología

;

Cardiopatía

;

Aparato circulatorio patología

;

Flebología

;

Cardiología

;

Aparato circulatorio

;

Pericardiectomía

;

Pronóstico

;

Sobrevivencia

;

Etiología

;

Pericarditis

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 20098, 35400011157618.0160

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15684243



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