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Titre du document / Document title

Effects of the restriction of hand gestures on disfluency = Effets de la restriction des gestes de la main sur la fluidité verbale

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

FINLAYSON Sheena (1) ; FORREST Victoria (1) ; LICKLEY Robin (1) ; BECK Janet Mackenzie (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Queen Margaret University College, Edinburgh, Scotland, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

This paper describes an experimental pilot study of disfluency and gesture rates in spontaneous speech where speakers perform a communication task in three conditions: hands free, one arm immobilized, both arms immobilized. Previous work suggests that the restriction of the ability to gesture can have an impact on the fluency of speech. In particular, it has been found that the inability to produce iconic gestures, which depict actions and objects, results in a higher rate of disfluency. Models of speech production account for this by suggesting that gesture and speech production are part of the same integrated system. Such models differ in their interpretation of the location of the gesture planning mechanism in relation to the speech model: some authors suggest that iconic gestures relate closely to lexical access, while others suggest that the link is located around the conceptualization stage. The findings of this study tentatively confirm that there is a relationship between gesture and fluency - overall, disfluency increases as gesture is restricted. But it remains unclear whether the disfluency is more related to lexical access than to conceptualization. Proposals for a larger study are suggested. The work is of interest to psycholinguists focusing on the integration of gesture into models of speech production and to Speech and Language Therapists who need to know about the impact that an impaired ability to produce gestures may have on communication.

Revue / Journal Title

Gothenburg papers in theoretical linguistics    ISSN  0349-1021 

Source / Source

Congrès
DiSS '03: Disfluency in Spontaneous Speech. Workshop No3, Göteborg , SUEDE (05/09/2003)
2003, no 90 (103 p.)  [Document : 4 p.] (20 ref.), pp. 21-24 [4 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

University of Gothenburg, Department of Linguistics, Göteborg, SUEDE  (1970) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Speech therapy

;

Lexical access

;

Restriction

;

Conceptualization

;

Experimental study

;

Speech disorder

;

Spontaneous speech

;

Speech fluency

;

Gesture

;

Speech production

;

Psychology of language

;

Psycholinguistics

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Orthophonie

;

Accès lexical

;

Restriction

;

Conceptualisation

;

Etude expérimentale

;

Trouble de la phonation

;

Discours spontané

;

Fluidité verbale

;

Geste

;

Production de la parole

;

Psychologie du langage

;

Psycholinguistique

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 24507, 35400011717635.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15683678



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