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Titre du document / Document title

European-contact and Southwestern artifacts in the Lower Walnut focus sites at Arkansas City, Kansas = Artefacts du sud-ouest de contact européen dans les sites du Walnut inférieur à Arkansas City, Kansas

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HAWLEY Marlin F. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Museum Archaeology Program, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 816 State Street, Madison, WI 53706, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Large-scale data recovery at eight Lower Walnut focus sites yielded a large and rich data base, including glass beads, a piece of lead, obsidian, marine shell. Southwestern ceramics, and cultural turquoise (i.e., chemical turquoise, azurite, chrysocolla, and malachite). The aboriginal artifacts may have entered the sites through the hands of intermediate hunting-foraging societies or through direct contact between Lower Walnut focus-Wichita peoples and the Puebloan societies of the Rio Grande valley. Exotic materials may have functioned as status symbols. The artifacts show that the Lower Walnut focus was part of an exchange system ultimately integrating the southern Plains with the Southwest, Great Basin, and California. A few glass beads and a piece of lead, indicative of historic components at some sites, are evidence of direct or indirect contact with European populations.

Revue / Journal Title

Plains Anthropologist    ISSN  0032-0447 

Source / Source

2000, vol. 45, no173, pp. 237-255 (3 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Plains Anthropological Society, Lincoln, NE, ETATS-UNIS  (19?) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

United States of America

;

Kansas

;

American culture

;

Pueblos

;

Finds study

;

Metal industry

;

Ceramics

;

Shell industry

;

Glass object

;

Materials

;

Turquoise

;

Obsidian

;

Ethnology

;

Population

;

Cultural contact

;

Europe

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Etats-Unis

;

Kansas

;

Culture américaine

;

Pueblos

;

Etude du matériel

;

Industrie métallique

;

Céramique

;

Industrie coquillière

;

Objet en verre

;

Matériau

;

Turquoise

;

Obsidienne

;

Ethnologie

;

Population

;

Contact culturel

;

Europe

;

Arkansas City

;

Walnut inférieur

;

Wichita

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 1742, 35400009134397.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1559210



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