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Titre du document / Document title

The prison industry: Carceral expansion and employment in U.S. counties, 1969-1994 = Industrie de la prison: expansion carcérale et emploi dans les régions américaines, 1969-1994

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HOOKS Gregory (1) ; MOSHER Clayton (1) ; ROTOLO Thomas (1) ; LOBAO Linda (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Washington State University, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Ohio State University, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Objectives. Despite the interest that social scientists have displayed in the rising rate of incarceration, little attention has been devoted to understanding its consequences for local areas. This is an important omission because prison construction has become a component of state and local economic development schemes. Indeed, there is a widespread belief that prison construction provides significant economic benefits to local areas. Methods. We analyze data on all existing and new prisons in the United States since 1960 and examine the impact of these prisons on the pace of growth (as measured by public, private, and total employment growth) in U.S. counties from 1969 to 1994. To our knowledge, our study is the first comprehensive and longitudinal assessment of the impact of prison construction on local areas. Results. We find no evidence that prison expansion has stimulated economic growth. In fact, we provide evidence that prison construction has impeded economic growth in rural counties that have been growing at a slow pace. Conclusion. Despite sharp ideological and intellectual differences, the critics and the advocates of the prison construction boom share the assumption that prisons can contribute to local growth, especially in hard-pressed local areas. This belief flies in the face of mounting evidence that state and local initiatives rarely have a significant impact on growth; this belief is also contradicted by our analyses.

Revue / Journal Title

Social science quarterly    ISSN  0038-4941 

Source / Source

2004, vol. 85, no1, pp. 37-57 [21 page(s) (article)] (2 p.1/2)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Wiley, Hoboken, NJ, ETATS-UNIS  (1968) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Statistics

;

Multivariate Analysis

;

Local development

;

Ideology

;

Rural environment

;

Economic Growth

;

Employment

;

Penitentiary system

;

Prison

;

United States Of America

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Statistiques

;

Analyse multivariée

;

Développement local

;

Idéologie

;

Milieu rural

;

Croissance économique

;

Emploi

;

Système pénitentiaire

;

Prison

;

Etats-Unis

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 24795, 35400011356640.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15591783



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