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Titre du document / Document title

Evolution of operational parameters in a UASB wastewater plant

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BARBOSA CORREA S. M. B. (1) ; RUIZ E. (2) ; ROMERO F. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Pontificia Universidade Católica, Po Vos de Caldas, Minas Gerais, BRESIL
(2) Dpto. de Ingenieria Química y del Medio Ambiente, Escuela Superior de Ingenieros, Alameda de Urquijo s/n, 48013, Bilbao, ESPAGNE

Résumé / Abstract

The results are based on data of the Nova Pampuiha Wastewater Treatment Plant, in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil) containing an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. The objective of this research was to establish the operational parameters of the plant and evolution of elimination of pollutants. Influent and effluent parameters used for this research, were oils, volatile fatty acidity, alkalinity, ammonium, bacteria, flow, chlorides, BOD, detergents, COD, phosphates, total nitrogen, pH, settleable solids, suspended soids (total and volatile), sulphates, sulphides, temperature (air, influent, effluent and reactor) and hydraulic retention time (HRT). Weekly data were collected between January 1998 and June 2000, namely 124 weeks. Methods used for data included conventional statistics, graphical representations and multiple linear regression, applied with the program SPSS, licensed to UPV/EHU with the aim of obtaining equations for the estimation of %age elimination (or increase) of pollutants during anaerobic treatment. The analysis of operational data of the Nova Pampulha plant also includes the temporary and seasonal evolution of control parameters, made by a set of graphical representations for process parameters (flow, HRT, temperature and bacterial count), parameters associated with acid-base equilibrium (acidity, alkalinity and pH), organic constituents (BOD, COD, oils and detergents) inorganic constituents chlorides, phosphates, sulphates, sulphides and nitrogen compounds) and solids (settleable and suspended). By using multiple linear regression, equations could be obtained for estimating the elimination of constituent loads as functions of process parameters and constituent loads in the influents, as possible independent variables. Equations, statistically significant at a 95% confidence level were obtained for all the eliminations. The calculation is presented in the form of regression equations and some comparative graphics between experimental and predicted data. Data variances were in the region of 20 and 87%. The observation of coefficients of equations for organic matter and suspended solids permits the establishment of parameters associated with elimination or increase of these constituents.

Revue / Journal Title

Water S.A.    ISSN  0378-4738   CODEN WASADV 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 29, no3, pp. 345-352 [8 page(s) (article)] (15 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Water Research Commision, Pretoria, AFRIQUE DU SUD  (1979) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

America

;

South America

;

Operating conditions

;

Upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor

;

Biodegradation

;

Biological purification

;

Waste water purification

;

Urban waste water

;

Sewage treatment plant

;

Brazil

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Amérique

;

Amérique du Sud

;

Condition opératoire

;

Réacteur UASB

;

Dégradation biologique

;

Epuration biologique

;

Epuration eau usée

;

Eau usée urbaine

;

Station épuration

;

Brésil

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

America

;

America del sur

;

Condición operatoria

;

Reactor UASB

;

Degradación biológica

;

Depuración biológica

;

Depuración aguas servidas

;

Agua usada urbana

;

Estación depuradora

;

Brasil

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17691, 35400011596856.0170

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15455795



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