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Titre du document / Document title

Postural stability in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

MOLLOY Cynthia A. (1) ; DIETRICH Kim N. (2) ; BHATTACHARYA Amit (3) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Developmental Disabilities and, Center for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Cincinnati, Ohio, ETATS-UNIS
(2) University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Cincinnati, Ohio, ETATS-UNIS
(3) University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, Division of Environmental and Industrial Hygeine, Biomechanics-Ergonomics Research Labs, Cincinnati, Ohio, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Maintaining upright posture is a complex process involving multiple afferent systems. The aim of this study was to measure the postural stability of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) compared with children with typical neurodevelopment and to measure the relative contributions of the visual, somatosensory, and vestibular afferent systems in each group. Eight boys with ASD and eight age-, race-, and gender-matched controls participated in this study using force platform technology with customized software to measure postural sway under conditions designed to eliminate or modify visual and somatosensory input. Children with ASD had significantly larger sway areas under all test conditions in which afferent input was modified. These results are consistent with a deficit in the integration of visual, vestibular, and somatosensory input to maintain postural orientation.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of autism and developmental disorders    ISSN  0162-3257   CODEN JADDDQ 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 33, no6, pp. 643-652 [10 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Heidelberg, ALLEMAGNE  (1979) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Developmental disorder

;

Human

;

Child

;

Motricity

;

Perception

;

Vision

;

Equilibrium

;

Posture

;

Autism

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Trouble développement

;

Homme

;

Enfant

;

Motricité

;

Perception

;

Vision

;

Equilibre

;

Posture

;

Autisme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Trastorno desarrollo

;

Hombre

;

Niño

;

Motricidad

;

Percepción

;

Visión

;

Equilibrio

;

Postura

;

Autismo

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Autism

;

balance

;

postural stability

;

sensory processing

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15018, 35400011906972.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15390318



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