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Titre du document / Document title

Cultivar pollinizer does not affect almond flavor

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

DICENTA F. (1) ; MARTINEZ-GOMEZ P. (1) ; ORTEGA E. (1) ; DUVAL H. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Departamento de Mejora y Patología Vegetal, Centro de Edafologia y Biología Aplicada del Segura, Consejo Superiorde Investigaciones Cientificas, Apartado 4195, 30080 Murcia, ESPAGNE
(2) Unité de Génétique et d'Amélioration des Fruits et Légumes, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Site AGROPARC, Domaine Saint Paul, BP91, 84914 Avignon, FRANCE

Résumé / Abstract

The effect of pollinizer on sweet or bitter almond flavor was studied by tasting the seeds obtained from 32 crosses between sweet, bitter, and slightly bitter parents. Out of eight female parents, two were homozygous sweet ('Del Cid' and Aï'); two were heterozygous sweet (Marcona' and 'Nonpareil'); one heterozygous with an almost undetectable slightly bitter flavor (Ferrastar'); two heterozygous slightly bitter ('Garrigues' and 'Marie Dupuy'); and one bitter homozygous (S3067', self-compatible clone obtained in CEBAS). Each cultivar was hand-pollinated with four male cultivars: one homozygous sweet ('Ramillete'), one heterozygous sweet (Atocha'), one heterozygous slightly bitter ('Garrigues'), and one homozygous ('S3067'). Since 'Garrigues' is self-incompatible, the cross Garrigues' x Garrigues' was replaced by 'Garrigues' x S3065' (slightly bitter clone obtained in CEBAS). Tasting of the seeds resulting from each cross resulted in the complete absence of any influence of pollinizer on flavor, which only depended on the female parent.

Revue / Journal Title

HortScience    ISSN  0018-5345   CODEN HJHSAR 

Source / Source

2000, vol. 35, no6, pp. 1153-1154 (13 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Society for Horticultural Science, Alexandria, VA, ETATS-UNIS  (1966) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Production quality

;

Flavor

;

Almond

;

Pollinator

;

Prunus dulcis

;

Xenia

;

Rosaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Fruit tree

;

Genetic determinism

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Qualité production

;

Flaveur

;

Amande

;

Pollinisateur

;

Prunus dulcis

;

Xénie

;

Rosaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Arbre fruitier

;

Déterminisme génétique

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Calidad producción

;

Flavor

;

Almendra

;

Polinizador

;

Prunus dulcis

;

Xenia

;

Rosaceae

;

Dicotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Arbol frutal

;

Determinismo genético

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 13300, 35400009271611.0380

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1533391



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