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Titre du document / Document title

The efficacy of motivational interviewing: A meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BURKE Brian L. (1) ; ARKOWITZ Hal (2) ; MENCHOLA Marisa (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Fort Lewis College, ETATS-UNIS
(2) University of Arizona, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

A meta-analysis was conducted on controlled clinical trials investigating adaptations of motivational interviewing (AMIs), a promising approach to treating problem behaviors. AMIs were equivalent to other active treatments and yielded moderate effects (from .25 to .57) compared with no treatment and/or placebo for problems involving alcohol, drugs, and diet and exercise. Results did not support the efficacy of AMIs for smoking or HIV-risk behaviors. AMIs showed clinical impact, with 51% improvement rates, a 56% reduction in client drinking, and moderate effect sizes on social impact measures (d = 0.47). Potential moderators (comparative dose, AMI format, and problem area) were identified using both homogeneity analyses and exploratory multiple regression. Results are compared with other review results and suggestions for future research are offered.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of consulting and clinical psychology    ISSN  0022-006X   CODEN JCLPBC 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 71, no5, pp. 843-861 [19 page(s) (article)] (1 p.3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1968) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Immune deficiency

;

Immunopathology

;

Infection

;

Viral disease

;

Human

;

Treatment efficiency

;

AIDS

;

Risk taking

;

Drug addiction

;

Alcoholism

;

Tobacco smoking

;

Poison withdrawal

;

Self efficacy

;

Motivation

;

Cognitive therapy

;

Behavior therapy

;

Clinical trial

;

Controlled therapeutic trial

;

Metaanalysis

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Immunodéficit

;

Immunopathologie

;

Infection

;

Virose

;

Homme

;

Efficacité traitement

;

SIDA

;

Prise risque

;

Toxicomanie

;

Alcoolisme

;

Tabagisme

;

Sevrage toxique

;

Efficacité personnelle

;

Motivation

;

Thérapie cognitive

;

Thérapie comportementale

;

Essai clinique

;

Essai thérapeutique contrôlé

;

Métaanalyse

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Inmunodeficiencia

;

Inmunopatología

;

Infección

;

Virosis

;

Hombre

;

Eficacia tratamiento

;

SIDA

;

Toma riesgo

;

Toxicomanía

;

Alcoholismo

;

Tabaquismo

;

Destete tóxico

;

Eficacia personal

;

Motivación

;

Terapia cognitiva

;

Terapia conductual

;

Ensayo clínico

;

Ensayo terapéutico controlado

;

Meta-análisis

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2283, 35400011305126.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15179745



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