Titre du document / Document title
On the evolution of giant protoplanets forming in circumbinary discs
Auteur(s) / Author(s)NELSON Richard P.
Résumé / Abstract
We present the results of hydrodynamic simulations of Jovian mass protoplanets that form in circumbinary discs. The simulations follow the orbital evolution of the binary plus protoplanet system acting under their mutual gravitational forces, and forces exerted by the viscous circumbinary disc. The evolution involves the clearing of the inner circumbinary disc initially, so that the binary plus protoplanet system orbits within a low density cavity. Continued interaction between disc and protoplanet causes inward migration of the planet towards the inner binary. Subsequent evolution can take three distinct paths: (i) the protoplanet enters the 4 : 1 mean motion resonance with the binary, but is gravitationally scattered through a close encounter with the secondary star; (ii) the protoplanet enters the 4 : 1 mean motion resonance, the resonance breaks, and the planet remains in a stable orbit just outside the resonance; (iii) when the binary has initial eccentricity ebin
≥ 0.2, the disc becomes eccentric, leading to a stalling of the planet migration, and the formation of a stable circumbinary planet. These results have implications for a number of issues in the study of extrasolar planets. The ejection of protoplanets in close binary systems provides a source of 'free-floating planets', which have been discovered recently. The formation of a large, tidally truncated cavity may provide an observational signature of circumbinary planets during formation. The existence of protoplanets orbiting stably just outside a mean motion resonance (4: 1) in the simulations indicate that such sites may harbour planets in binary star systems, and these could potentially be observed. Finally, the formation of stable circumbinary planets in eccentric binary systems indicates that circumbinary planets may not be uncommon.
Revue / Journal TitleMonthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Source / Source
2003, vol. 345, no
1, pp. 233-242 [10 page(s) (article)]
Langue / Language
Editeur / Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Malden, MA, ETATS-UNIS
Localisation / Location
INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2067, 35400011470722.0200
Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15169610