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Titre du document / Document title

Potential role of sacred groves in biodiversity conservation in Tanzania

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

MGUMIA F. H. (1 2) ; OBA G. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Tanzania Forest Research Institute (TAFORI), PO Box 1854, Morogoro, TANZANIE, REPUBLIQUE-UNIE DE
(2) Noragric, The International Centre for Environment and Development Studies, Agricultural University of Norway, PO 5001, 1432 Ås, NORVEGE

Résumé / Abstract

Sacred groves, some as old as several centuries, may have contributed to the preservation of some plant species in Tanzania. This has led conservationists to consider whether sacred groves could be used for in situ conservation. Eight sacred groves of the Ugunda chieftaincy of the Wanyamwezi in central Tanzania representing burial sites that varied from 6-300 years old were inventoried to compare woody species richness and taxonomic diversity with those of forest plots in a state managed Forest Reserve. Although they occupied a relatively small area the sacred groves had greater woody species richness and taxonomic diversity than the state managed Forest Reserve. The forest plots and the groves shared a species similarity index of 45%, suggesting that the sacred groves contributed to in situ conservation of the miombo woodland biodiversity. Some of the woody species were absent in the forest plots, also suggesting that groves served as a refuge for some species. An inventory of all existing sacred groves could provide important information on their role in in situ conservation. In order to promote them for community-based conservation of biodiversity the government should declare sacred groves as preservation sites, and incorporate them into modern conservation systems.

Revue / Journal Title

Environmental conservation    ISSN  0376-8929   CODEN EVCNA4 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 30, no3, pp. 259-265 [7 page(s) (article)] (32 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ROYAUME-UNI  (1974) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Ecosystem

;

Africa

;

Sacred site

;

Tanzania

;

Forest management

;

Vegetation structure

;

Species richness

;

Forests

;

Nature reserve

;

Biodiversity

;

Environmental protection

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Ecosystème

;

Afrique

;

Lieu sacré

;

Tanzanie

;

Gestion forestière

;

Structure végétation

;

Richesse spécifique

;

Forêt

;

Réserve naturelle

;

Diversité biologique

;

Protection environnement

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Ecosistema

;

Africa

;

Tanzania

;

Administración forestal

;

Estructura vegetación

;

Riqueza específica

;

Bosque

;

Reserva natural

;

Diversidad biológica

;

Protección medio ambiente

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 16848, 35400011318103.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15137114



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