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Titre du document / Document title

Fingerprint on the venus of Dolní Vestonice I = Des empreintes de doigts sur la vénus de Dolní Vestonice I

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

KRALIK Miroslav (1) ; NOVOTNY Vladimir (1) ; OLIVA Martin (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University Brno, Vinařská 5, 603 00 Brno, TCHEQUE, REPUBLIQUE
(2) Anthropos Institute, The Moravian Museum, Zelný trh 6, 659 37 Brno, TCHEQUE, REPUBLIQUE

Résumé / Abstract

The Venus of Dolní Věstonice I (Gravettian, 25, 000 B.P.) was discovered on July 13th, 1925 in Dolní Věstonice, South Moravia (Czechoslovakia), during Moravian Museum excavations. The figurine, made from fired clay, about 11.5 cm high, represents a woman with a plump figure. More than 75 years after its discovery, a fingerprint on the left side of the figurine back was analyzed. The dimensions of the fingerprint are 3x5 mm and it is possible to recognize seven lines. The structure was identified as a negative of human friction skin based on the minutiae, ridge breadth, and other markers. Epidermal ridge breadth correlates with the age during growth period of an individual. We elaborated the original method for age estimation from fingerprint ridge breadth and used it to estimate the age of the fingerprint owner. The ridge breadth varies from 0.34 to 0.43 mm with an average of 0.37 mm. The estimation of age is 11.13 years. With respect to the preciseness and limits of the method the age of the fingerprint maker was somewhere between 7 and 15 years. This estimation is valid if the age/ridge breadth relation in the Paleolithic was similar to the present day one. It is also important to realize that the maker of the fingerprint may not be identical with the creator of the artifact. It is quite hard to believe that such a figurine as the Venus of Dolní Věstonice I could have been a work of beginner or even of a child. However, this approach has great potential to specify social circumstances of ceramics production.

Revue / Journal Title

Anthropologie    ISSN  0323-1119 

Source / Source

Congrès
Natural scientific methods in archaelogy and anthropology. Conference, Brno , TCHEQUE, REPUBLIQUE (16/02/2001)
2002, vol. 40, no2, pp. 107-113 [7 page(s) (article)] (18 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais
Revue : Français

Editeur / Publisher

Moravské muzeum, Brno, TCHEQUE, REPUBLIQUE  (1963) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Interpretation

;

Museum

;

Excavation

;

Laboratory

;

Skin

;

Growth

;

Methodology

;

Child

;

Age

;

Fingerprint

;

Woman

;

Clay

;

Terracotta

;

Figurine

;

Sculpture

;

Finds study

;

Czech Republic

;

Europe

;

Gravettian

;

Upper Palaeolithic

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Dermatoglyphie digitale

;

Tracéologie

;

Estimation

;

Moravie

;

Dolní Věstonice

;

Vénus

;

Interprétation

;

Musée

;

Fouille

;

Laboratoire

;

Peau

;

Croissance

;

Méthodologie

;

Enfant

;

Age

;

Empreinte de doigt

;

Femme

;

Argile

;

Terre cuite

;

Figurine

;

Sculpture

;

Etude du matériel

;

République tchèque

;

Europe

;

Gravettien

;

Paléolithique supérieur

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 23697, 35400011295673.0020

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 15129276



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