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Titre du document / Document title

Levels and trends of polybrominated diphenylethers and other brominated flame retardants in wildlife

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

LAW Robin J. (1) ; ALAEE Mehran (2) ; ALLCHIN Colin R. (1) ; BOON Jan P. (3) ; LEBEUF Michel (4) ; LEPOM Peter (5) ; STERN Gary A. (6) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, CEFAS Burnham Laboratory, Remembrance Avenue, Burnham on Crouch, Essex CM0 8HA, ROYAUME-UNI
(2) National Water Research Institute, 867 Lakeshore Road, PO. Box 5050, Burlington, Ontario, L7R 4A6, CANADA
(3) Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), PO. Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, PAYS-BAS
(4) Pêches et Océans Canada, Institut Maurice-Lamontagne (IML), 850 route de la Mer, C.P. 1000, Mont-Joli, Quebec, G5H 3Z4, CANADA
(5) Umweltbundesamt, P.O. Box 33 00 22, 14191 Berlin, ALLEMAGNE
(6) Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Freshwater Institute, 501 University Crescent, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N6, CANADA

Résumé / Abstract

In this paper, we review the available data for polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) and other flame retardants in wildlife, with the exception of fishes from Europe and North America which are covered in more detail elsewhere. More data are available for PBDEs than for other compounds, and these show that some of these compounds have become widely distributed in the environment, being found in samples from Europe, Australia, Azerbaijan, North America and the Arctic. Most available data relate to birds and their eggs and marine mammals, but the results of two food web studies are also included. The detection of PBDEs in pelagic marine mammals which feed in deep offshore waters, including baleen whales, indicate that these compounds have found their way into deep-water, oceanic food webs as well as the coastal/shallow sea examples described in detail. In the North Sea study, the most marked increase in lipid-normalised concentrations of six BDE congeners occurred during transfer from predatory fish to marine mammals. In the St. Lawrence Estuary study, marked differences in the ratios observed between species suggested that some fish species may be able to metabolise BDE99. A number of time trend studies have also been conducted, notably in guillemot eggs from Sweden (1969-2000), beluga whales from the Canadian Arctic (1982-1997 and 1989-2001) and from the St. Lawrence Estuary (1988-1999), and ringed seals from the Canadian Arctic (1981-2000). In the temperate latitudes, from these and other studies (e.g. in dated sediment cores), PBDE concentrations began to rise earlier than in those from high latitudes, in line with data for production and use. These trends have now slowed in many cases. Declines could be expected in Europe for many congeners following the cessation of manufacture and use of the penta-mix formulation in the EU, though these are not yet apparent in environmental samples. In Arctic biota, however, the rapidly rising concentrations seen currently in Canada could be expected to continue for some time, reflecting continued production and use of the penta-mix formulation in North America (>95% of the world total) and the impact of long-range atmospheric transport.

Revue / Journal Title

Environment international    ISSN  0160-4120   CODEN ENVIDV 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 29, no 6 (224 p.)  [Document : 14 p.] (1 p.3/4), pp. 757-770 [14 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Oxford, ROYAUME-UNI  (1978) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Biocenosis

;

Temporal study

;

Environment

;

Pollutant

;

Wild animal

;

Wild life

;

Fauna

;

Toxicity

;

Flame retardant

;

Bromine Organic compounds

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Diphényle éther(polybromo)

;

Phényle éther(polybromo)

;

Biocénose

;

Etude temporelle

;

Environnement

;

Polluant

;

Animal sauvage

;

Vie sauvage

;

Faune

;

Toxicité

;

Retardateur flamme

;

Brome Composé organique

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Biocenosis

;

Estudio temporal

;

Medio ambiente

;

Contaminante

;

Animal salvaje

;

Vida salvaje

;

Fauna

;

Toxicidad

;

Retardador llama

;

Bromo Compuesto orgánico

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17812, 35400011134211.0090

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14985893



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