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Titre du document / Document title

Diet choice in an omnivorous salt-marsh crab: different food types, body size, and habitat complexity

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BUCK Tracy L. (1) ; BREED Greg A. (1) ; PENNINGS Steven C. (1) ; CHASE Margo E. (2) ; ZIMMER Martin (3) ; CAREFOOT Thomas H. (4) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) University of Georgia Marine Institute, Sapelo Island, GA 31327, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Biology, University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, N9B 394, CANADA
(3) Zoologisches Institut-Limnologie, Christian-Albrechts-Universität, Olshausentrasse 40, 24098 Kiel, ALLEMAGNE
(4) Department of Zoology, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, CANADA

Résumé / Abstract

Studies of diet choice by omnivores have the potential to form conceptual links between studies of diet choice by herbivores, frugivores, detritivores, and predators. We examined diet choice in the omnivorous salt marsh crab Armases cinereum (=Sesarma cinereum (Grapsidae)) in a series of laboratory experiments. Armases is sexually dimorphic, with larger males having relatively larger claws than females. In a growth experiment, an invertebrate diet supported better growth than any other single diet; however, growth also occurred on single diets of mud, leaf litter or fresh leaves. Mixed diets provided the best growth. If alternative foods were available, consumption of leaf litter and fresh leaves decreased, but these items were not dropped from the diet completely. In contrast, consumption of invertebrate prey was not affected by the availability of alternative foods. In a predation experiment, crustacean prey (an amphipod and an isopod) were more vulnerable to predation by Armases than were two small gastropod species. Only large male Armases were able to consume large numbers of gastropods. Environmental structure (plant litter or litter mimics) reduced predation rates, especially on crustaceans, which actively utilized the structure to hide from predators. Armases consumes a mixed diet because several factors (prey physical defenses, avoidance behavior of prey, growth benefits of a mixed diet) favor omnivory over a specialized diet. Similar factors may promote minor amounts of omnivory by species generally considered to be herbivores, frugivores, detritivores, and predators.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology    ISSN  0022-0981   CODEN JEMBAM 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 292, no1, pp. 103-116 [14 page(s) (article)] (2 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Kidlington, ROYAUME-UNI  (1967) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Decapoda

;

Brachyura

;

Invertebrata

;

Arthropoda

;

Crustacea

;

Brackish water environment

;

Isopoda

;

Laboratory study

;

Habitat

;

Sex

;

Body size

;

Predation

;

Feeding preference

;

Omnivorous

;

Diet

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Decapoda

;

Brachyura

;

Invertebrata

;

Arthropoda

;

Crustacea

;

Milieu saumâtre

;

Armases cinereum

;

Isopoda

;

Etude en laboratoire

;

Habitat

;

Sexe

;

Taille corporelle

;

Prédation

;

Préférence alimentaire

;

Omnivore

;

Régime alimentaire

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Decapoda

;

Brachyura

;

Invertebrata

;

Arthropoda

;

Crustacea

;

Medio salobre

;

Isopoda

;

Estudio en laboratorio

;

Habitat

;

Sexo

;

Talla corporal

;

Rapiña

;

Preferencia alimentaria

;

Omnívoro

;

Régimen alimentario

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Armases

;

Body size

;

Crabs

;

Diet breadth

;

Gastropods

;

Isopods

;

Omnivory

;

Predation

;

Salt marsh

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 7185, 35400011122588.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14847986



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