RefDoc
Haut

Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche


Titre du document / Document title

Mitchell's relaxation technique : Is it effective?

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BELL Jamie Alan (1) ; SALTIKOV Josette Bettany (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Airedale General Hospital
(2) School of Health, University of Teesside, Middlesbrough, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of Mitchell's technique including diaphragmatic breathing, compared with diaphragmatic breathing alone and supine lying. Method Forty-five normal male subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: (1) Mitchell with diaphragmatic breathing; (2) diaphragmatic breathing alone; (3) the control condition of supine lying. Each subject underwent one 18-minute treatment session. Heart rate was measured using a pulse oximeter, at baseline, and before and after intervention. Results Results were analysed using a two-way mixed factorial ANOVA with Sheffé's post hoc test. Before intervention there was no interaction effect and no significant difference between the groups at baseline and pre-intervention measurements (p > 0.05). However, the supine position was shown to reduce heart rate significantly in all groups. After intervention a significant reduction in heart rate was shown in groups 1 (p < 0.05) and 2 (p < 0.01), although no differences were found between the two groups (NS). Both treatment groups reduced heart rate to a significantly greater extent than supine lying. Conclusion Diaphragmatic breathing with and without Mitchell's relaxation technique significantly reduced heart rate. The lack of significant difference between the two treatment groups suggests that Mitchell's relaxation technique may be only as effective as diaphragmatic breathing alone. It may be more physiologically justifiable to use diaphragmatic breathing rather than Mitchell's complete technique. This is one of the first studies to suggest that diaphragmatic breathing can be used alone, and need not be incorporated into generalised relaxation procedures. New recommendations are made for future research.

Revue / Journal Title

Physiotherapy    ISSN  0031-9406   CODEN PHSIAO 

Source / Source

2000, vol. 86, no9, pp. 473-478 (26 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Chartered Society of Physiotherapy, London, ROYAUME-UNI  (1915) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Relaxation

;

Method

;

Physical exercise

;

Respiration

;

Diaphragm

;

Treatment efficiency

;

Technique

;

Stress

;

Human

;

Comparative study

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Relaxation

;

Méthode

;

Exercice physique

;

Respiration

;

Diaphragme

;

Efficacité traitement

;

Technique

;

Stress

;

Homme

;

Etude comparative

;

Technique Mitchell

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Relajación

;

Método

;

Ejercicio físico

;

Respiración

;

Diafragma

;

Eficacia tratamiento

;

Técnica

;

Stress

;

Hombre

;

Estudio comparativo

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17538, 35400009197717.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1477593



Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche
Bas