Titre du document / Document title
Inhibition of IκB kinase by a new class of retinoid-related anticancer agents that induce apoptosis
Auteur(s) / Author(s)BAYON Yolanda
ORTIZ Maria A.
LOPEZ-HERNANDEZ Francisco J.
PIEDRAFITA F. Javier
Résumé / Abstract
The transcription factor NF-κB is overexpressed or constitutively activated in many cancer cells, where it induces expression of antiapoptotic genes correlating with resistance to anticancer therapies. Small molecules that inhibit the NF-KB signaling pathway could therefore be used to induce apoptosis in NF-κB-overexpressing tumors and potentially serve as anticancer agents. We found that retinoid antagonist MX781 inhibited the activation of NF-κB-dependent transcriptional activity in different tumor cell lines. MX781 was able to completely inhibit tumor necrosis factor alpha-mediated activation of IκB kinase (IKK), the upstream regulator of NF-KB. Inhibition of IKK activity resulted from direct binding of MX781 to the kinase, as demonstrated by in vitro inhibition studies. Two other molecules, MX3350-1 and CD2325, which are retinoic acid receptor gamma-selective agonists, were capable of inhibiting IKK in vitro, although they exerted variable inhibition of IKK and NF-κB activities in intact cells in a cell type-specific manner. However, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-retinamide, another apoptosis-inducing retinoid, and retinoic acid as well as other nonapoptotic retinoids did not inhibit IKK. Inhibition of IKK by the retinoid-related compounds and other small molecules correlated with reduced cell proliferation and increased apoptosis. Reduced cell viability was also observed after overexpression of an IKKβ kinase-dead mutant or the IκBα superrepressor. The induction of apoptosis by the retinoid-related molecules that inhibited IKK was dependent on caspase activity but independent of the retinoid receptors. Thus, the presence of an excess of retinoic acid or a retinoid antagonist did not prevent the inhibition of IKK activation by MX781 and CD2325, indicating a retinoid receptor-independent mechanism of action.
Revue / Journal TitleMolecular and cellular biology
Source / Source
2003, vol. 23, no
3, pp. 1061-1074 [14 page(s) (article)]
Langue / Language
Editeur / Publisher
American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS
Localisation / Location
INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 19721, 35400010986058.0280
Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14649822