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Titre du document / Document title

Testing hypotheses of language replacement in the Caucasus: evidence from the Y-chromosome

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

NASIDZE Ivan (1) ; SARKISIAN Tamara (2) ; KERIMOV Azer (3) ; STONEKING Mark (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Inselstrasse 22, 04103 Leipzig, ALLEMAGNE
(2) Center of Medical Genetics, National Academy of Sciences of Republic of Armenia, 5/1 Zakyan Str., 375010 Yerevan, ARMENIE
(3) Scientific-research Institute of Haematology and Transfusiology, Azerbaijan Republic Ministry of Health, Gashgay Street 87, Baku, AZERBAIDJAN

Résumé / Abstract

A previous analysis of mtDNA variation in the Caucasus found that Indo-European-speaking Armenians and Turkic-speaking Azerbaijanians were more closely related genetically to other Caucasus populations (who speak Caucasian languages) than to other Indo-European or Turkic groups, respectively. Armenian and Azerbaijanian therefore represent language replacements, possibly via elite dominance involving primarily male migrants, in which case genetic relationships of Armenians and Azerbaijanians based on the Y-chromosome should more closely reflect their linguistic relationships. We therefore analyzed 11 bi-allelic Y-chromosome markers in 389 males from eight populations, representing all major linguistic groups in the Caucasus. As with the mtDNA study, based on the Y-chromosome Armenians and Azerbaijanians are more closely-related genetically to their geographic neighbors in the Caucasus than to their linguistic neighbors elsewhere. However, whereas the mtDNA results show that Caucasian groups are more closely related genetically to European than to Near Eastern groups, by contrast the Y-chromosome shows a closer genetic relationship with the Near East than with Europe.

Revue / Journal Title

Human genetics    ISSN  0340-6717   CODEN HUGEDQ 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 112, no3, pp. 255-261 [7 page(s) (article)] (24 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Heidelberg, ALLEMAGNE  (1976) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Europe

;

Eastern Europe

;

Genetic marker

;

Correlation

;

Language

;

Y-Chromosome

;

Hypothesis

;

Population

;

Caucasus

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Europe

;

Europe Est

;

Marqueur génétique

;

Corrélation

;

Langage

;

Chromosome Y

;

Hypothèse

;

Population

;

Caucase

;

Homme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Europa

;

Europa del Este

;

Marcador genético

;

Correlación

;

Lenguaje

;

Cromosoma Y

;

Hipótesis

;

Población

;

Caucaso

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2672, 35400011074300.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14599190



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