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Titre du document / Document title

Mitochondrial DNA evidence for admixed origins of Central Siberian populations = Mise en évidence grâce à l'ADN mitochondrial des origines diverses des populations de Sibérie centrale.

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

PAKENDORF Brigitte (1 2) ; WIEBE Victor (2) ; TARSKAIA Larissa A. (3) ; SPITSYN Victor A. (4) ; SOODYALL Himla (5) ; RODEWALD Alexander (1) ; STONEKING Mark (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Institute of Human Biology, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, ALLEMAGNE
(2) Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, ALLEMAGNE
(3) Institute of Health, Academy of Sciences of the Republic Sakha (Yakutia), Yakutsk 677010, RUSSIE, FEDERATION DE
(4) Research Centre for Medical Genetics, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow 115478, RUSSIE, FEDERATION DE
(5) Department of Human Genetics, South African Institute for Medical Research and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2000, AFRIQUE DU SUD

Résumé / Abstract

The Yakuts of northeastern Siberia are a Turkic-speaking population of horse- and cattle-breeders surrounded by Tungusic-speaking reindeer-herders and hunter-gatherers. Archaeological and ethnohistorical data suggest that Yakuts stem from a common ancestral population with the Buryats living near Lake Baikal. To address this hypothesis, we obtained sequences of the first hypervariable segment (HV1) of the mitochondrial DNA control region from Yakuts and Buryats and compared these with sequences from other Eurasian populations. The mtDNA results show that the Buryats have close affinities with both Central Asian Turkic groups and Mongols, while the Yakuts have close affinities with northeastern Siberian, Tungusic-speaking Evenks and south Siberian, Turkic-speaking Tuvans. This different ancestry of the Yakuts and the Tuvans (compared with other Turkic-speaking groups) most likely reflects extensive admixture that occurred between Turkic-speaking steppe groups and Evenks as the former migrated into Siberia. Moreover, the Yakuts are unique among Siberian populations in having a high number of haplotypes shared exclusively with Europeans, suggesting, contrary to the historical record, that occasionally Yakut men took Russian women as wives.

Revue / Journal Title

American journal of physical anthropology    ISSN  0002-9483 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 120, no3, pp. 211-224 [14 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/2)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Wiley-Liss, Hoboken, NJ, ETATS-UNIS  (1918) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Comparison

;

Mitochondrial DNA

;

Study

;

Mongols

;

Origin

;

Migration

;

Population

;

Ethnology

;

Asia

;

Siberia

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Eurasie

;

Yakut

;

Buryat

;

Comparaison

;

ADN mitochondrial

;

Etude

;

Mongols

;

Origine

;

Migration

;

Population

;

Ethnologie

;

Asie

;

Sibérie

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 3188, 35400010394840.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14586832



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