RefDoc
Haut

Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche


Titre du document / Document title

Factors associated with women's risk of rape in the military environment

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SADLER Anne G. (1) ; BOOTH Rrenda M. (2) ; COOK Brian L. (3) ; DOEBBELING Bradley N. (4) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Psychology Service, Iowa City Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa, ETATS-UNIS
(2) HSR&D Center for Mental Health Outcomes and Research, Little Rock Veterans Affairs Medical Center; Department of Psychiatry, The University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, ETATS-UNIS
(3) Iowa City Veterans Affairs Medical Center; The Department of Psychiatry, The University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa, ETATS-UNIS
(4) HSRD Program in Interdisciplinary Research in Healthcare Organization, Iowa City Veterans Affairs Medical Center, The Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, The University of Iowa Colleges of Medicine and Public Health, Iowa City, Iowa, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Background Health hazards specific to women workers have not been adequately documented. This study assessed military environmental factors associated with rape occurring during military service, while controlling for pre-military trauma experiences. Methods A national cross-sectional survey of 558 women veterans serving in Vietnam or in subsequent eras was obtained through structured telephone interviews. Results Rape was reported by 28% (n = 151) of participants, with consistent rates found across eras. Military environmental factors were associated with increased likelihood of rape, including: sexual harassment allowed by officers (P < 0.0001), unwanted sexual advances on-duty (P < 0.0001) and in sleeping quarters (P < 0.0001). Conclusion Violence towards military women has identifiable risk factors. Work and living environments where unwanted sexual behaviors occurred were associated with increased odds of rape. Officer leadership played an important role in the military environment and safety of women. Assailant alcohol and/or drug abuse at time of rape was notable. Interventions and policies based on modifiable environmental risk factors are needed to increase protection for women in the workplace.

Revue / Journal Title

American journal of industrial medicine    ISSN  0271-3586   CODEN AJIMD8 

Source / Source

2003, vol. 43, no3, pp. 262-273 [12 page(s) (article)] (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Wiley-Liss, Hoboken, NJ, ETATS-UNIS  (1980) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Sexual abuse

;

Military service

;

Epidemiology

;

Female

;

Human

;

Risk factor

;

Rape

;

Military

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Abus sexuel

;

Service militaire

;

Epidémiologie

;

Femelle

;

Homme

;

Facteur risque

;

Viol

;

Militaire

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Abuso sexual

;

Servicio militar

;

Epidemiología

;

Hembra

;

Hombre

;

Factor riesgo

;

Violación

;

Militar

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

workplace violence

;

women

;

rape

;

military

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 18343, 35400010394873.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14576499



Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche
Bas