RefDoc
Haut

Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche


Titre du document / Document title

Design and analysis of aluminum/air battery system for electric vehicles

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SHAOHUA YANG (1) ; KNICKLE Harold (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Aluminum (Al)/air batteries have the potential to be used to produce power to operate cars and other vehicles. These batteries might be important on a long-term interim basis as the world passes through the transition from gasoline cars to hydrogen fuel cell cars. The Al/air battery system can generate enough energy and power for driving ranges and acceleration similar to gasoline powered cars. From our design analysis, it can be seen that the cost of aluminum as an anode can be as low as US$ 1.1/kg as long as the reaction product is recycled. The total fuel efficiency during the cycle process in Al/air electric vehicles (EVs) can be 15% (present stage) or 20% (projected) comparable to that of internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEs) (13%). The design battery energy density is 1300 Wh/kg (present) or 2000 Wh/kg (projected). The cost of battery system chosen to evaluate is US$ 30/kW (present) or US$ 29/kW (projected). Al/air EVs life-cycle analysis was conducted and compared to lead/acid and nickel metal hydride (NiMH) EVs. Only the Al/air EVs can be projected to have a travel range comparable to ICEs. From this analysis, Al/air EVs are the most promising candidates compared to ICEs in terms of travel range, purchase price, fuel cost, and life-cycle cost.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of power sources    ISSN  0378-7753   CODEN JPSODZ 

Source / Source

2002, vol. 112, no1, pp. 162-173 [12 page(s) (article)] (25 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS  (1976) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Performance analysis

;

Cost analysis

;

Aluminium air batteries

;

Electric vehicle

;

Electric batteries

;

Secondary cell

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Analyse performance

;

Analyse coût

;

Batterie aluminium air

;

Véhicule électrique

;

Batterie électrique

;

Accumulateur électrochimique

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Análisis eficacia

;

Análisis costo

;

Vehículo eléctrico

;

Acumulador electroquímico

;

Mots-clés d'auteur / Author Keywords

Aluminum/air batteries

;

Life-cycle analysis

;

Electric vehicles

;

Cost analysis

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17113, 35400010372390.0220

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14442338



Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche
Bas