RefDoc
Haut

Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche


Titre du document / Document title

Preliminary validation of PRISM (pictorial Representation of Illness and self measure): A brief method to assess suffering

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BÜCHI Stefan (1) ; BUDDEBERG Claus (2) ; KLAGHOFER Richard (2) ; RUSSI Erich W. (3) ; BRÄNDLI Otto (4) ; SCHLÖSSER Corinne (5) ; STOLL Thomas (6) ; VILLIGER Peter M. (7) ; SENSKY Tom (8) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Psychiatric Department, University Hospital Zürich, SUISSE
(2) Division of Psychosocial Medicine, University Hospital Zürich, SUISSE
(3) Department of Pneumology, University Hospital Zürich, SUISSE
(4) Psychiatric University Hospital Zürich, Zürich, SUISSE
(5) Zürcher Höhenklinik, Wald, ALLEMAGNE
(6) Rheuma-und Rehabilitationsklinik, Schinznach, SUISSE
(7) Department of Rheumatology, Clinical Immunology and Allergology, University Hospital Bern, Bern, SUISSE
(8) Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

Background: Alleviation of suffering is widely acknowledged as one of the main goals of medicine. However, no measure to assess this crucial aspect of illness has been developed to date. Aims: To validate PRISM (Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self-Measure) as a simple quantitative method of assessing the perceived burden of suffering due to illness. Methods: Validity and reliability studies to date have involved over 700 patients with a variety of chronic physical illnesses. Results: Reliability of PRISM is good (test-retest reliability r = 0.95; p ≤ 0.001, interrater reliability r= 0.79; p ≤ 0.001). Qualitative data indicate that the interpretation of the PRISM task is not only consistent among patients, but also consistent with that expected from existing literature on suffering. As expected, PRISM shows strong correlations with psychological variables (notably depression and coping resilience) and also correlates with SF-36 subscale scores. Prospective longitudinal data demonstrate that PRISM is sensitive to therapeutic change. It is very acceptable to patients and takes less than 5 min to administer. Conclusion: In the absence of a 'gold standard' measure of suffering, our validation data must be interpreted with caution. However, the performance of PRISM is entirely consistent with what would be expected of a measure of suffering, based on current published work.

Revue / Journal Title

Psychotherapy and psychosomatics    ISSN  0033-3190   CODEN PSPSBF 

Source / Source

2002, vol. 71, no6, pp. 333-341 [9 page(s) (article)] (23 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Karger, Basel, SUISSE  (1965) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Somatic disease

;

Human

;

Review

;

Psychometrics

;

Test validation

;

Test reliability

;

Interrater agreement

;

Intertrial interval

;

Quality of life

;

Self evaluation

;

Stress

;

Pain

;

Evaluation scale

;

Chronic

;

Disease

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Maladie somatique

;

Validité contenu

;

Pictorial Representation of Illness and Self-Measure Bchi et al

;

Homme

;

Article synthèse

;

Psychométrie

;

Validation test

;

Fidélité test

;

Accord interjuge

;

Intervalle test retest

;

Qualité vie

;

Autoévaluation

;

Stress

;

Douleur

;

Echelle évaluation

;

Chronique

;

Maladie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Hombre

;

Artículo síntesis

;

Psicometría

;

Validación prueba

;

Fidelidad pruebra

;

Acuerdo interjuez

;

Intervalo entre pruebas

;

Calidad vida

;

Autoevaluación

;

Estrés

;

Dolor

;

Escala evaluación

;

Crónico

;

Enfermedad

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 2758, 35400010543727.0040

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14014253



Faire une nouvelle recherche
Make a new search
Lancer la recherche
Bas