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Titre du document / Document title

Big Five dimensions and ADHD symptoms: Links between personality traits and clinical symptoms

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

NIGG Joel T. (1) ; JOHN Oliver P. (2) ; BLASKEV Lisa G. (1) ; HUANG-POLLOCK Cvnthia L. (1) ; WILLCUTT Erik G. (3) ; HINSHAW Stephen P. (2) ; PENNINGTON Bruce (4) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Michigan State University, ETATS-UNIS
(2) University of California, Berkeley, ETATS-UNIS
(3) University of Colorado at Boulder, ETATS-UNIS
(4) University of Denver, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood is conceptualized as originating in childhood. Despite considerable theoretical interest, little is known about how ADHD symptoms relate to normal personality traits in adults. In 6 studies, the Big Five personality dimensions were related to ADHD symptoms that adults both recalled from childhood and reported concurrently (total N = 1,620). Substantial effects emerged that were replicated across samples. First, the ADHD symptom cluster of inattention-disorganization was substantially related to low Conscientiousness and, to a lesser extent, Neuroticism. Second, ADHD symptom clusters of hyperactivity-impulsivity and oppositional childhood and adult behaviors were associated with low Agreeableness. Results were replicated with self-reports and observer reports of personality in community and clinical samples. Findings support theoretical connections between personality traits and ADHD symptoms.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of personality and social psychology    ISSN  0022-3514   CODEN JPSPB2 

Source / Source

2002, vol. 83, no2, pp. 451-469 (3 p. 3/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1965) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Human

;

Personality

;

Extraversion introversion

;

Impulsivity

;

Neuroticism

;

Correlation analysis

;

Symptomatology

;

Hyperactivity

;

Attentional disorder

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Théorie cinq facteurs

;

Homme

;

Personnalité

;

Extraversion introversion

;

Impulsivité

;

Névrotisme

;

Analyse corrélation

;

Symptomatologie

;

Hyperactivité

;

Trouble attention

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Hombre

;

Personalidad

;

Extraversión introversión

;

Impulsividad

;

Neurotismo

;

Análisis correlación

;

Sintomatología

;

Hiperactividad

;

Trastorno atención

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 13817, 35400010899939.0150

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 13805020



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