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Titre du document / Document title

Effect of high +gz accelerations on the left ventricle

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

BEHDINAN K. (1) ; TABARROK B. (2) ; FRASER W. D. (3) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ryerson Polytechnic University, 350 Victoria St., Toronto, Ontario, M5B 2K3, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, ETATS-UNIS
(3) DCIEM, Toronto, ON, CANADA

Résumé / Abstract

During certain manoeuvers, fighter pilots are subjected to high accelerations reaching 10g levels. The effect of this acceleration on the left ventricle is most severe when it is directed along the body Z axis. Under such accelerations it is difficult for the heart to function and supply the body with blood and further more there is concern that the heart may suffer tissue tear as a result of high stresses on the heart tissue. In this study a detailed finite element analysis is carried out to determine the stress state of the left ventricle under high Gz loading. To develop the FE model, surface geometry data was acquired from view Point Data Lab in Utah. The surface data for the interior and the exterior of the left ventricle was then used with a software from XYZ Scientific Application Inc. of Livermore to develop a 3D FE model. The model is made up of 3830 solid elements with three layers between the inner and the outer surfaces. Finite element results for deflections, strains and stresses are obtained for a number of acceleration levels. The analysis accounts for geometric nonlinearities and uses the updated Lagrangian method in the MARC finite element program.

Revue / Journal Title

RTO Meeting proceedings  

Source / Source

Congrès
Models for aircrew safety assessment ; uses, limitations and requirements :   ( Wright-Patterson Air Force Base OH, 26-28 October 1998 )  = La modélisation des conditions de sécurité des équipages : applications, limitations et cahiers des charges
RTO Human Factors and Medicine panel. Specialists' meeting, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base OH , ETATS-UNIS (26/10/1998)
1999  , vol. 20, pp. 15.1-15.9[Note(s) :  [350 p.]] (28 ref.) ISBN 92-837-1017-7 ;  Illustration : Illustration ;

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Research and Technology Organization, Neuilly-sur-Seine, FRANCE  (1999) (Monographie)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Heart

;

Acceleration

;

Left ventricle

;

Adaptation

;

Stress

;

Left ventricle performance

;

Finite element method

;

Airplane

;

Aeronautics

;

Air transportation

;

Human

;

Pilot

;

Circulatory system

;

Crew

;

Environmental factor

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Coeur

;

Accélération

;

Ventricule gauche

;

Adaptation

;

Stress

;

Fonction ventriculaire gauche

;

Méthode élément fini

;

Avion

;

Aéronautique

;

Transport aérien

;

Homme

;

Pilote

;

Appareil circulatoire

;

Personnel navigant

;

Facteur milieu

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Corazón

;

Aceleración

;

Ventrículo izquierdo

;

Adaptación

;

Stress

;

Función ventricular izquierda

;

Método elemento finito

;

Avión

;

Aeronáutica

;

Transporte aéreo

;

Hombre

;

Pilote

;

Aparato circulatorio

;

Personal de navegación

;

Factor medio

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 13413, 35400008459845.0170

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1368232



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