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Titre du document / Document title

Towards the characterization of large retail stores

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SHIELDS T. J. (1) ; BOYCE K. E. (1) ; SILCOCK G. W. H. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Fire SERT Centre, University of Ulster, Technology Unit, 75 Belfast Road, Carrickfergus, Co. Antrim BT38 8PH, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

This paper presents the results obtained from an unannounced evacuation of a single storey, Marks & Spencer store. The purpose of the work was to obtain insights with respect to the actual emergency evacuation performance of the store in relation to perceived performance as represented in BSI DD240 Fire Safety Engineering in Buildings Part 1, Guide to the Application of Fire Safety Engineering Principles. The unannounced evacuation was video taped and questionnaires were administered to the evacuees as they left the store. Analysis of the questionnaires yielded data sufficient to characterize the occupancy of the store. Analysis of the video tapes yielded actual pre-movement times and the total evacuation time for the store. The total evacuation time was 2 min 45 s, i.e. the total evacuation time was less than the recognition time for a W3 alarm system suggested in BSI DD240. The results suggest that well trained staff in combination with a W3 warning system, i.e. warning bell only, can produce results which might well be associated with a W1 system, i.e. live directives using a voice system, in BSI DD240.

Revue / Journal Title

Fire and materials    ISSN  0308-0501   CODEN FMATDV 

Source / Source

Congrès
International Symposium on Human Behaviour in Fire No1, Belfast , IRLANDE (30/08/1998)
1999, vol. 23, no 6 (149 p.)  (1 ref.), [Notes: Selected papers], pp. 325-331

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Wiley, Chichester, ROYAUME-UNI  (1976) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Fire safety

;

Commercial facility

;

Design criterion

;

Safety device

;

Emergency exit

;

Person evacuation

;

Single story building

;

Video recording

;

Occupancy coefficient

;

Questionnaire

;

Behavioral analysis

;

Sociodemographic factor

;

Decision criterion

;

Time analysis

;

Traffic flow

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Sécurité incendie

;

Equipement commercial

;

Critère conception

;

Dispositif sécurité

;

Sortie secours

;

Evacuation personne

;

Bâtiment sans étage

;

Enregistrement vidéo

;

Coefficient occupation

;

Questionnaire

;

Analyse comportementale

;

Facteur sociodémographique

;

Critère décision

;

Analyse temporelle

;

Ecoulement trafic

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Seguridad incendio

;

Equipamiento comercial

;

Criterio concepción

;

Dispositivo seguridad

;

Salída emergencia

;

Evacuación personas

;

Edificio uno piso

;

Registro vídeo

;

Coeficiente ocupación

;

Cuestionario

;

Análisis conductual

;

Factor sociodemográfico

;

Criterio decisión

;

Análisis temporal

;

Flujo tráfico

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 17515, 35400008710866.0110

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1363466



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