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Titre du document / Document title

Effects of chronic dietary exposure to trace elements on banded water snakes (Nerodia fasciata) : Reptile ecotoxicology

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

HOPKINS William A. (1 2) ; ROE John H. (3) ; SNODGRASS Joel W. (4) ; STAUB Brandon P. (1) ; JACKSON Brian P. (1) ; CONGDON Justin D. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Savannath River Ecology Laboratory, University of Georgia, Aiken, South Carolina 29801, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, ETATS-UNIS
(3) Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, Indiana 46805, ETATS-UNIS
(4) Department of Biology, Towson University, Towson, Maryland 21252, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Little currently is known about the accumulation or effects of contaminants on reptiles. To date, most studies examining reptile exposure to trace elements report tissue burdens of field-captured animals, but seldom provide insight into the dose, duration, or mode of exposure involved. For two years, we fed juvenile banded water snakes (Nerodia fasciata) prey items collected from a coal ash-contaminated site that contained elevated levels of As, Cd, Cu, Se, Sr, and V. With the exception of Cu, snakes accumulated significant concentrations of elements, usually in a dose-dependent manner. Accumulation varied significantly among liver, kidney, and gonads, and in most cases between sexes. Selenium accumulation was most notable, greatly exceeding established toxicity thresholds for other vertebrates. Despite the high concentrations of pollutants accumulated, snakes exposed to the contaminated diet survived through the study and exhibited normal food consumption, growth, condition factor, overwinter survival and mass loss, metabolic rate, and gonadosomatic index. The results of this study confirm that diet can be a significant route of exposure to trace elements in snakes and indicate that further studies on snakes are warranted to better understand their responses to contaminants.

Revue / Journal Title

Environmental toxicology and chemistry    ISSN  0730-7268   CODEN ETOCDK 

Source / Source

2002, vol. 21, no5, pp. 906-913 (20 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

SETAC, Pensacola, FL, ETATS-UNIS  (1982) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Vertebrata

;

Reptilia

;

Ophidia

;

America

;

North America

;

Trophic factor

;

Water pollution

;

Freshwater environment

;

United States

;

Stream

;

Toxicity

;

Male

;

Female

;

Intraspecific comparison

;

Biological accumulation

;

Diet

;

Young animal

;

Chronic

;

Exposure

;

Metal

;

Selenium

;

Trace element

;

Coal

;

Ash

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Vertebrata

;

Reptilia

;

Ophidia

;

Amérique

;

Amérique du Nord

;

Facteur trophique

;

Pollution eau

;

Milieu eau douce

;

Nerodia fasciata

;

Etats Unis

;

Cours eau

;

Toxicité

;

Mâle

;

Femelle

;

Comparaison intraspécifique

;

Accumulation biologique

;

Régime alimentaire

;

Animal jeune

;

Chronique

;

Exposition

;

Métal

;

Sélénium

;

Elément trace

;

Charbon

;

Cendre

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Vertebrata

;

Reptilia

;

Ophidia

;

America

;

America del norte

;

Factor trófico

;

Contaminación agua

;

Medio agua dulce

;

Estados Unidos

;

Curso agua

;

Toxicidad

;

Macho

;

Hembra

;

Comparación intraespecífica

;

Acumulación biológica

;

Régimen alimentario

;

Animal joven

;

Crónico

;

Exposición

;

Metal

;

Selenio

;

Elemento traza

;

Carbón

;

Ceniza

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 19956, 35400010056597.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 13633658



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