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Titre du document / Document title

Algunas reflexiones sobre el trastorno disocial: a propósito de un caso = Some reflections about the disocial disorder: review of one case

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

TIRAPU USTARROZ J. (1) ; SUAREZ GONZALEZ P. (1) ; MILLAN E. (1) ; MUNOZ CESPEDES J. M. (2) ; PRADO SANTAMARIA C. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Servicio de Neuropsicología, Clínica Ubarmin, Egües, Navarra, ESPAGNE
(2) Unidad de Daño cerebral Beata María Ana, Psicología Básica UCM, Madrid, ESPAGNE

Résumé / Abstract

Dissocial disorder is characterized by a persistent repetitive behavioural pattern in which the basic rights of the others are violated, such as important social rules appropriate to the subject's age. This disorder's aetiology doesn't appear to be clear, and multi causal explanations are the most common options. Taking a neuropsychological view, we consider that Damasio's somatic markers hypothesis, may give certain light on alterations underlying to this disorder and, more specifically, to the roll that the prefrontal cortex's ventromedial section plays. This hypothesis considers that somatic conditions evaluate and, therefore, detrivialize events while learning. As a result of this evaluation making decisions is easier when the attention is focused on this decisions' consequences. So, this hypothesis will let us explain the behavioural of subjects with dissocial disorder and, more specifically, to consider a damage of the will as a consequence of a somatic markers' dysfunction but not an intelligence's.

Revue / Journal Title

Anales de psiquiatria    ISSN  0213-0599 

Source / Source

2002, vol. 18, no2, pp. 87-92 (16 ref.)

Langue / Language

Espagnol

Editeur / Publisher

Aran Ediciones, Madrid, ESPAGNE  (1984) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Human

;

Adolescent

;

Male

;

Case study

;

Cognition

;

Intelligence

;

Decision making

;

Evaluation

;

Central nervous system

;

Brain (vertebrata)

;

Ventromedial nucleus

;

Prefrontal cortex

;

Biological marker

;

Comparative study

;

Nosology

;

Classification

;

Diagnosis

;

Criterion

;

Social behavior disorder

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Homme

;

Adolescent

;

Mâle

;

Etude cas

;

Cognition

;

Intelligence

;

Prise décision

;

Evaluation

;

Système nerveux central

;

Encéphale

;

Noyau ventromédial

;

Cortex préfrontal

;

Marqueur biologique

;

Etude comparative

;

Nosologie

;

Classification

;

Diagnostic

;

Critère

;

Trouble comportement social

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Hombre

;

Adolescente

;

Macho

;

Estudio caso

;

Cognición

;

Inteligencia

;

Toma decision

;

Evaluación

;

Sistema nervioso central

;

Encéfalo

;

Núcleo ventromedial

;

Corteza prefrontal

;

Marcador biológico

;

Estudio comparativo

;

Nosología

;

Clasificación

;

Diagnóstico

;

Criterio

;

Trastorno comportamiento social

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 27232, 35400010248400.0060

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 13616595



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