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Titre du document / Document title

Pesticide-handling practices in agriculture in Tanzania: Observational data from 27 coffee and cotton farms

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

NGOWI Aiwerasia V. F. ; MAEDA David N. ; WESSELING Catharina ; PARTANEN Timo J. ; SANGA Michael P. ; MBISE Godson ;

Résumé / Abstract

The practices of pesticide handling in agriculture were surveyed in 1991-1993 in Tanzania, to identify hazardous practices and farms where they occurred. The study involved 23 coffee farms with 246 persons exposed to hazardous practices, and four cotton farms with 45 exposed. An observation form addressed locations of important places with respect to pesticide spraying, storage, disposal, and equipment; personal protection; and hygiene. More pesticide formulations were used for coffee compared with cotton and by individual rather than cooperative farms. Coffee farms more often had unlabeled pesticide containers and missing mixing instructions, while cotton pesticides were stored in bedrooms, near food, and near open fires, and pesticide leftovers were often present. Hazardous practices were more pronounced at individual than cooperative farms, with significant differences in pesticide storage areas, as well as unlabeled and non-original containers. The study demonstrated the need to train farmers in pesticide safety, strengthen advisory and regulatory services, and extend protection to farm workers' families.

Revue / Journal Title

International journal of occupational and environmental health    ISSN  1077-3525 

Source / Source

2001, vol. 7, no4, pp. 326-332 [7 page(s) (article)]

Langue / Language


Editeur / Publisher

Hamilton Hardy, Attleboro, MA, ETATS-UNIS  (1995) (Revue)

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 27041, 35400009472375.0070

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 13395947

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