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Titre du document / Document title

Stereotype threat effects on Black and White athletic performance

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

STONE J. (1) ; LYNCH C. I. (2) ; SJOMELING M. (1) ; DARLEY J. M. (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) University of Arizona, ETATS-UNIS
(2) Princeton University, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Two experiments showed that framing an athletic task as diagnostic of negative racial stereotypes about Black or White athletes can impede their performance in sports. In Experiment 1, Black participants performed significantly worse than did control participants when performance on a golf task was framed as diagnostic of sports intelligence. In comparison, White participants performed worse than did control participants when the golf task was framed as diagnostic of natural athletic ability. Experiment 2 observed the effect of stereotype threat on the athletic performance of White participants for whom performance in sports represented a significant measure of their self-worth. The implications of the findings for the theory of stereotype threat (C. M. Steele, 1997) and for participation in sports are discussed.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of personality and social psychology    ISSN  0022-3514   CODEN JPSPB2 

Source / Source

1999, vol. 77, no6, pp. 1213-1227 (1 p.1/4)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, ETATS-UNIS  (1965) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Stereotype

;

Attribution

;

Performance

;

Sport

;

Social comparison

;

Social perception

;

Race

;

Caucasoid

;

Negroid

;

Human

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Stéréotype

;

Attribution

;

Performance

;

Sport

;

Comparaison sociale

;

Perception sociale

;

Race

;

Caucasoïde

;

Négroïde

;

Homme

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Estereotipo

;

Atribución

;

Rendimiento

;

Deporte

;

Comparación social

;

Percepción social

;

Raza

;

Caucásico

;

Negroide

;

Hombre

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 13817, 35400008122054.0090

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1222367



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