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Titre du document / Document title

Chemistry and chemists at the London Institution 1807-1912 = Chimie et chimistes à l'institut de Londres, 1807-1912

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

KTJRZER Frederick (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine (University of London), London NW3 2PF, ROYAUME-UNI

Résumé / Abstract

The London Institution, established in the City of London in 1807, was devoted, as its full title proclaimed, to the 'advancement of Literature and the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge'. With its extensive lecture programme, splendid reference library, reading rooms, laboratory and other amenities, it provided for its members a scientific and cultural centre, modelled on the highly successful and fashionable Royal Institution in London's West End. Among its scientific activities, chemistry long maintained a leading role, in terms of both the sheer volume and variety of its presentations, and the high standing of its lecturers; they included Faraday, Playfair. Hofmann. Roscoe, Odling, Norman Lockyer. Meldola, and Sir William Ramsay, as well as other visiting lecturers, specially selected for their ability to present their subject in an interesting and attractive fashion to a wider lay public. The laboratory of the Institution, although limited in size and facilities, was the scene of instruction in practical chemistry, and between 1863 and 1884 attained the reputation of a significant centre of chemical research during the successive tenure of the professorship in chemistry by J. A. Wanklyn and H. E. Armstrong. Their publications, appearing under the device From the Laboratory of the London Institution', were a frequent feature of the leading chemical periodicals. Thus, within its many-sided activities, the Institution promoted significantly the public appreciation of the function of chemistry, as a contributor both to pure knowledge, and to technical and economic progress, It achieved this in an environment of influential City merchants, manufacturers and financiers and doubtless led to beneficient, if unrecorded, consequences. It was only towards the close of the nineteenth century, when the universities had become increasingly concerned with the systematic study of the discipline, that chemistry lost its direct impact in the London Institution, but continued to main

Revue / Journal Title

Annals of science    ISSN  0003-3790   CODEN ANNSA8 

Source / Source

2001, vol. 58, no2, pp. 163-201

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Taylor & Francis, Colchester, ROYAUME-UNI  (1936) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Chemistry

;

London

;

Century 19-20

;

Scientific research

;

Scientific education

;

Laboratory

;

Publication

;

Research Institute

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Chimie

;

Londres

;

Siècle 19-20

;

Recherche scientifique

;

Enseignement scientifique

;

Laboratoire

;

Publication

;

Institut de recherche

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

QuÍmica

;

London

;

Siglo 19-20

;

Investigaciňn cientÍfica

;

Enseñanza cientÍfica

;

Laboratorio

;

Publicacion

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 19028, 35400009528655.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1162870



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