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Titre du document / Document title

Effect of residual sodium carbonate in irrigation water on the soil sodication and yield of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinni) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus)

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

PRASAD Arun (1) ; KUMAR Dinesh (1) ; SINGH D. V. (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Division of Soil Sciences, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O. CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, INDE

Résumé / Abstract

The effects of residual sodium carbonate (RSC) in irrigation water on soil sodication and yield and cation composition of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii Roxb. Wats) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus Steud Wats) were studied in the open bottom reinforced concrete cemented (RCC) cylindrical barrels embedded in the field and filled with sandy loam soils. The results indicated that the increasing RSC in irrigation water significantly increased the pH, electrolyte conductivity (ECe) and SARe of the soil and, hence, considerably decreased the herb and oil yield of both the palmarosa and lemongrass. The reduction in total herb yield was 14.5, 18.3, 28.8 and 32.0% in palmarosa and 38.6, 46.0, 57.7 and 62.6% in the lemongrass over control at 4.0, 8.0, 12.0 and 16.0 meq/l of RSC, respectively. The total oil yield of palmarosa increased by 22.6% with the increase in RSC from 2.0 (control) to 4.0 meq/l and further increase in RSC decreased the oil yield by 13.0, 22.4 and 22.9% over control at 8,12 and 16 meq/l of RSC, respectively. The total oil yield of lemongrass was decreased by 27.0, 39.4, 47.7 and 50.8% over control at 4, 8, 12 and 16 meq/l, respectively. The concentration of Na increased significantly and K and Ca decreased with increase in RSC of irrigation water in vegetative tissues of both species. The lemongrass accumulates significantly greater amount of Na in shoot tissues as compared to palmarosa and it failed to survive at high RSC after 21 months of transplanting. The results suggests that palmarosa is more tolerant to irrigation water sodicity than the lemongrass.

Revue / Journal Title

Agricultural water management    ISSN  0378-3774   CODEN AWMADF 

Source / Source

2001, vol. 50, no3, pp. 161-172 (20 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Elsevier, Amsterdam, PAYS-BAS  (1976) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Plant production

;

Irrigation

;

Chemical composition

;

Property of soil

;

Chemical properties

;

Yield

;

Sodium carbonate

;

Cations

;

Electrolyte

;

Sandy loam soil

;

Experimental study

;

Irrigation water

;

Sodication

;

Tropical crop

;

Essential oil plant

;

Gramineae

;

Monocotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Production végétale

;

Irrigation

;

Composition chimique

;

Caractéristique sol

;

Propriété chimique

;

Rendement

;

Sodium carbonate

;

Cation

;

Electrolyte

;

Sol sableux loameux

;

Etude expérimentale

;

Cymbopogon martinii

;

Cymbopogon flexuosus

;

Eau irrigation

;

Sodisation

;

Culture tropicale

;

Plante à huiles essentielles

;

Gramineae

;

Monocotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Produccíon vegetal

;

Irrigación

;

Composición química

;

Característica suelo

;

Propiedad química

;

Rendimiento

;

Sodio carbonato

;

Cation

;

Electrolito

;

Suelo franco arenoso

;

Estudio experimental

;

Agua de riego

;

Cultivo tropical

;

Planta de aceites esenciales

;

Gramineae

;

Monocotyledones

;

Angiospermae

;

Spermatophyta

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15970, 35400009582538.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1089059



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