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Titre du document / Document title

Prevalence of Autism in Iceland

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

MAGNUSSON Pall (1) ; SAEMUNDSEN Evald (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, National University Hospital, ISLANDE
(2) State Diagnostic and Counseling Center, Kópavogur, ISLANDE

Résumé / Abstract

This clinic-based study estimated the prevalence of autism in Iceland in two consecutive birth cohorts, subjects born in 1974-1983 and in 1984-1993. In the older cohort classification was based on the ICD-9 in 72% of cases while in the younger cohort 89% of cases were classified according to the ICD-10. Estimated prevalence rates for Infantile autism/Childhood autism were 3.8 per 10,000 in the older cohort and 8.6 per 10,000 in the younger cohort. The characteristics of the autistic groups are presented in terms of level of intelligence, male:female ratio, and age at diagnosis. For the younger cohort scores on the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale are reported as well. Results are compared with a previous Icelandic study and recent population-based studies in other countries based on the ICD-10 classification system. Methodological issues are discussed as well as implications for future research and service delivery.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of autism and developmental disorders    ISSN  0162-3257   CODEN JADDDQ 

Source / Source

2001, vol. 31, no2, pp. 153-163 (1 p.1/2)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Springer, Heidelberg, ALLEMAGNE  (1979) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Autism

;

Prevalence

;

Comparative study

;

Age

;

Age of onset

;

Intellectual ability

;

Cognition

;

Sex

;

Antecedent

;

Immigration

;

Parent

;

Epidemiology

;

Child

;

Preschool age

;

School age

;

Adolescent

;

Young adult

;

Public health

;

Mental health

;

Social environment

;

Iceland

;

Human

;

Atlantic Ocean Islands

;

Developmental disorder

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Autisme

;

Prévalence

;

Etude comparative

;

Age

;

Age apparition

;

Aptitude intellectuelle

;

Cognition

;

Sexe

;

Antécédent

;

Immigration

;

Parent

;

Epidémiologie

;

Enfant

;

Age préscolaire

;

Age scolaire

;

Adolescent

;

Adulte jeune

;

Santé publique

;

Santé mentale

;

Environnement social

;

Islande

;

Homme

;

Iles Atlantiques

;

Trouble développement

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Autismo

;

Prevalencia

;

Estudio comparativo

;

Edad

;

Edad aparición

;

Aptitud intelectual

;

Cognición

;

Sexo

;

Antecedente

;

Inmigración

;

Pariente

;

Epidemiología

;

Niño

;

Edad preescolar

;

Edad escolar

;

Adolescente

;

Adulto joven

;

Salud pública

;

Salud mental

;

Medio ambiente social

;

Islandia

;

Hombre

;

Islas Atlántico

;

Trastorno desarrollo

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15018, 35400009661605.0030

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1040068



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