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Titre du document / Document title

Polonium 210Po in cigarettes produced in Poland

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

SKWARZEC Bogdan (1) ; STRUMINSKA Dagmara I. (1) ; BORYLO Alicja (1) ; ULATOWSKI Jan (1) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) University of Gdansk, Faculty of Chemistry, Chair of Analytical Chemistry, 80-952 Gdansk, Sobieskiego 18/19, POLOGNE

Résumé / Abstract

This paper discusses the results of 210Po determinations in the fourteen most frequently smoked brands of cigarettes, which constitute over 80% of total cigarette consumption in Poland. The 210Po activity in the cigarette samples analysed (tobacco, ash, filter before and after smoking) were measured using alpha spectrometry (Canberra-Packard). The data indicates that there is considerable variation in the polonium content of these brands. The highest 210Po content per sample was found in the cheap Popularne brand (24.12 mBq), the lowest in Caro (4.23 mBq). There was also a large difference between the polonium remaining in the ash in comparison with its total content in the tobacco in all the brands (from 4.3% for Golden American to 71.0% for Sobieski King-Size). The analysis has demonstrated that filters absorbed only a small amount of the polonium contained in the tobacco. Caro cigarettes have the most efficient filter, retaining 25.1% of the polonium contained in the tobacco, but most filters absorbed only 0.1-7.2% of polonium. The daily inhalation of 210Po by Polish smokers who get through one pack per day ranges from 20 to 215 mBq, but people smoking two or more packs of Popularne brand will inhale over 430 mBq of polonium per day.

Revue / Journal Title

Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering    ISSN  1093-4529 

Source / Source

2001, vol. 36, no4, pp. 465-474 (24 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Taylor & Francis, Philadelphia, PA, ETATS-UNIS  (1998) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Cigarette

;

Tobacco

;

Content

;

Polonium

;

Quantitative analysis

;

Alpha spectrometry

;

Radioactive product

;

Comparative study

;

Commercial form

;

Registered trade mark

;

Poland

;

Europe

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Cigarette

;

Tabac

;

Teneur

;

Polonium

;

Analyse quantitative

;

Spectrométrie alpha

;

Produit radioactif

;

Etude comparative

;

Forme commerciale

;

Marque déposée

;

Pologne

;

Europe

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Cigarrillo

;

Tabaco

;

Proporción

;

Polonio

;

Análisis cuantitativo

;

Espectrometría alfa

;

Producto radioactivo

;

Estudio comparativo

;

Forma comercial

;

Marca resistrada

;

Polonia

;

Europa

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 15710 A, 35400009776551.0060

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 1014860



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