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Titre du document / Document title

On the past and future of null hypothesis significance testing

Auteur(s) / Author(s)

ROBINSON Daniel H. (1) ; WAINER Howard (2) ;

Affiliation(s) du ou des auteurs / Author(s) Affiliation(s)

(1) Department of Educational Psychology, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, ETATS-UNIS
(2) National Board of Medical Examiners, 3750 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, ETATS-UNIS

Résumé / Abstract

Recent criticisms of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) have appeared in wildlife research journals (Cherry 1998; Johnson 1999; Anderson et al. 2000, 2001; Guthery et al. 2001). In this essay, we discuss these criticisms with regard to both current usage of NHST and plausible future use. We suggest that the historical use of such procedures was reasonable and that current users might spend time profitably reading some of Fisher's applied work. However, modifications to NHST, and to the interpretations of its outcomes, might better suit the needs of modern science. Our primary conclusion is that NHST most often is useful as an adjunct to other results (e.g., effect sizes) rather than as a stand-alone result. We cite some examples, however, where NHST can be profitably used alone. Last, we find considerable experimental support for a less dogmatic attitude toward the interpretation of the probability yielded from such procedures.

Revue / Journal Title

The Journal of wildlife management    ISSN  0022-541X   CODEN JWMAA9 

Source / Source

2002, vol. 66, no2, pp. 263-271 (41 ref.)

Langue / Language

Anglais

Editeur / Publisher

Wildlife Society, Bethesda, MD, ETATS-UNIS  (1937) (Revue)

Mots-clés anglais / English Keywords

Review

;

Statistical model

;

Hypothesis test

;

Statistical test

;

Significance test

;

Size effect

;

Statistical analysis

;

Bayes test

;

Fisher test

;

Ecology

;

Mots-clés français / French Keywords

Null model

;

Article synthèse

;

Modèle statistique

;

Test hypothèse

;

Test statistique

;

Test signification

;

Effet dimensionnel

;

Analyse statistique

;

Test Bayes

;

Test Fisher

;

Ecologie

;

Mots-clés espagnols / Spanish Keywords

Artículo síntesis

;

Modelo estadístico

;

Test hipótesis

;

Test estadístico

;

Test significación

;

Efecto dimensional

;

Análisis estadístico

;

Test Bayes

;

Test Fisher

;

Ecología

;

Localisation / Location

INIST-CNRS, Cote INIST : 3369, 35400010071182.0010

Nº notice refdoc (ud4) : 14187264



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